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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 2
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.6 2004/08/01 14:03:05 swift Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.7 2004/11/26 21:57:19 swift Exp $ -->
4 4
5<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 5<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6 6
7<guide link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml"> 7<guide link="xorg-config.xml">
8 8
9<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title> 9<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title>
10 10
11<author title="Author"> 11<author title="Author">
12 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 12 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13</author> 13</author>
14 14
15<abstract> 15<abstract>
16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical 16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical
17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to 17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to
18install it and what the various configuration options are. 18install it and what the various configuration options are.
19</abstract> 19</abstract>
20 20
21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0 -->
23<license/> 23<license/>
24 24
25<version>1.5</version> 25<version>1.6</version>
26<date>August 01, 2004</date> 26<date>2004-11-26</date>
27 27
28<chapter> 28<chapter>
29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title> 29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title>
30<section> 30<section>
31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title> 31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title>
32<body> 32<body>
33 33
34<p> 34<p>
35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands. 35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands.
36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided 36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided
37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, *big smile*, of course you are able to 37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, *big smile*, of course you are able to
38do this :-) Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and 38do this :-) Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and
39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation. 39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation.
40</p> 40</p>
41 41
167</p> 167</p>
168 168
169<pre caption="Testing the xorg.conf.new file"> 169<pre caption="Testing the xorg.conf.new file">
170# <i>X -config /root/xorg.conf.new</i> 170# <i>X -config /root/xorg.conf.new</i>
171</pre> 171</pre>
172 172
173<p> 173<p>
174If all goes well, you should see an ugly, loathsome, repulsive, deformed 174If all goes well, you should see an ugly, loathsome, repulsive, deformed
175window manager called <c>twm</c>, probably the smallest window manager 175window manager called <c>twm</c>, probably the smallest window manager
176available. Try moving your mouse and see if your keyboard and such is working. 176available. Try moving your mouse and see if your keyboard and such is working.
177In the next section we will optimize our <path>xorg.conf</path> so it fits your 177In the next section we will optimize our <path>xorg.conf</path> so it fits your
178hardware. Now go into one of the terminals you see on your screen and type in 178hardware. Now go into one of the terminals you see on your screen and type in
179<c>exit</c> (or press Ctrl-D) until Xorg shuts down. If you are unable to 179<c>exit</c> (or press Ctrl-D) until Xorg shuts down. If you are unable to
180use your mouse to focus the terminals, you can also press Ctrl-Alt-Backspace to 180use your mouse to focus the terminals, you can also press Ctrl-Alt-Backspace to
181kill the X server. 181kill the X server.
182</p>
183
184<p>
185If <c>twm</c> doesn't load, don't worry - it will once you'll start the X server
186through the regular <c>startx</c> command. Verify if your mouse works correctly
187and if the resolution is good. You might not be able to deduce the exact
188resolution, but you should be able to see if it's too low. You can exit any time
189by pressing Ctrl-Alt-Backspace.
182</p> 190</p>
183 191
184</body> 192</body>
185</section> 193</section>
186<section> 194<section>
187<title>Alternative: Semi-Automatic Generation of xorg.conf</title> 195<title>Alternative: Semi-Automatic Generation of xorg.conf</title>
188<body> 196<body>
189 197
190<p> 198<p>
191Xorg provides a tool called <c>xorgconfig</c> which will ask you for various 199Xorg provides a tool called <c>xorgconfig</c> which will ask you for various
192information regarding your system (graphical adapter, keyboard, ...). Based on 200information regarding your system (graphical adapter, keyboard, ...). Based on
193your input it will create a <path>xorg.conf</path> file. 201your input it will create a <path>xorg.conf</path> file.
194</p> 202</p>
195 203
196<pre caption="Semi-Automatic Generation of xorg.conf"> 204<pre caption="Semi-Automatic Generation of xorg.conf">

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