Contents of /xml/htdocs/proj/en/infrastructure/cvs-sshkeys.xml

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1 klieber 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2     <?xml-stylesheet href="/xsl/guide.xsl" type="text/xsl"?>
4     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6     <guide link = "/proj/en/infrastructure/cvs-sshkeys.xml">
7     <title>SSH access to cvs.gentoo.org</title>
8     <author title="Author">
9     <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10     </author>
11     <abstract>
12     This mini-guide explains on how to create and use ssh-keys, especially
13     for use on cvs.gentoo.org.
14     </abstract>
15     <version>1.0</version>
16     <date>3rd of July, 2003</date>
18     <chapter>
19     <title>SSH keys</title>
20     <section>
21     <title>Creating the SSH keys</title>
22     <body>
23     <p>
24     First of all, be physically logged on to your own computer. Make sure
25     that no-one will see you typing stuff in, since we are going to type in
26 klieber 1.2 passphrases and such. So get your pepperspray and fight all untrusted
27 klieber 1.1 entities until you are home alone.
28     </p>
29     <p>
30     Now we are going to create our ssh keys, DSA keys to be exact. Log onto
31     your computer as the user that you are going to be using when you want
32     to access cvs.gentoo.org. Then issue <c>ssh-keygen -t dsa</c>:
33     </p>
34     <pre caption = "Creating SSH keys">
35     $ <i>ssh-keygen -t dsa</i>
36     Generating public/private dsa key pair.
37     Enter file in which to save the key (/home/temp/.ssh/id_dsa): <comment>(Press enter)</comment>
38     Created directory '/home/temp/.ssh'.
39 klieber 1.2 Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): <comment>(Enter your passphrase)</comment>
40     Enter same passphrase again: <comment>(Enter your passphrase again)</comment>
41 klieber 1.1 Your identification has been saved in /home/temp/.ssh/id_dsa.
42     Your public key has been saved in /home/temp/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
43     The key fingerprint is:
44     85:35:81:a0:87:56:78:a2:da:53:6c:63:32:d1:34:48 temp@Niandra
45     </pre>
46     <note>
47     Please be sure to set a strong passphrase on your private key. Ideally,
48     this passphrase should be at least 8 characters and contain a mixture of
49     letters, numbers and symbols.
50     </note>
51     <p>
52     Now wasn't that easy? Let's see what we have created:
53     </p>
54     <pre caption = "Created files">
55     # <i>ls ~/.ssh</i>
56     id_dsa id_dsa.pub
57     </pre>
58     <p>
59     You'll probably have more files than this, but the 2 files listed above
60     are the ones that are really important.
61     </p>
62     <p>
63     The first file, <path>id_dsa</path>, is your <e>private</e> key. Don't
64     distribute this amongst all people unless you want to get into a fight
65     with drobbins (no, you don't want that).
66     </p>
67     <warn>
68     If you have several (<e>trusted!</e>) hosts from which you want to
69     connect to cvs.gentoo.org, you should copy <path>id_dsa</path> to the
70     <path>~/.ssh</path> directories on those hosts.
71     </warn>
72     <p>
73     The second file, <path>id_dsa.pub</path>, is your <e>public</e> key.
74     Distribute this file amongst all hosts that you want to be able to
75     access through SSH pubkey authentification. This file should be appended
76     to <path>~/.ssh/authorized_keys</path> on those remote hosts. Also add it
77     to your local host so you can connect to that one too if you have several
78     boxes.
79     </p>
80     <pre caption = "Adding the SSH key to the box">
81     $ <i>cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys</i>
82     </pre>
83     </body>
84     </section>
85     <section>
86     <title>Using keychain</title>
87     <body>
88     <p>
89     Every time you want to log on to a remote host using SSH public key
90 klieber 1.2 authentification, you will be asked to enter your passphrase. As much as
91 klieber 1.1 everybody likes typing, too much is sometimes too much. Luckily,
92     there is <c>keychain</c> to the rescue. There is an document on this
93     one <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/keychain.xml">here</uri>,
94     but I'll give you a quick introduction.
95     </p>
96     <p>
97     First, install <c>keychain</c>:
98     </p>
99     <pre caption = "Installing keychain">
100     # <i>emerge keychain</i>
101     </pre>
102     <p>
103     Now have keychain load up your private ssh key when you log on to your
104     local box. To do so, add the following to <path>~/.bash_profile</path>.
105     Again, this should be done on your <e>local</e> machine where you work
106     at the Gentoo CVS.
107     </p>
108     <pre caption = "Add this to .bash_profile">
109     keychain ~/.ssh/id_dsa
110     . .keychain/<comment>hostname</comment>-sh
111     </pre>
112     <p>
113     Be sure to substitute <c>hostname</c> with your hostname.
114     </p>
115     </body>
116     </section>
117     </chapter>
118     </guide>

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