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authorAlexander Vladimirov <idkfa@vlan1.ru>2011-11-10 09:41:46 +0100
committerdlezcano <dlezcano@mai.(none)>2011-11-10 09:41:46 +0100
commitf6267d9011eea5074028dc44b49df3bd3df7443c (patch)
tree666268753c3240336100b859c01671e977874dc2
parentfix lxc-destroy (diff)
downloadlxc-f6267d9011eea5074028dc44b49df3bd3df7443c.tar.gz
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add lxc-archlinux template
Hi, here's the patch which adds Arch linux container template Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <dlezcano@fr.ibm.com>
-rw-r--r--.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--configure.ac1
-rw-r--r--templates/Makefile.am3
-rw-r--r--templates/lxc-archlinux.in462
4 files changed, 466 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index a63554c..8c84a23 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ templates/lxc-fedora
templates/lxc-altlinux
templates/lxc-sshd
templates/lxc-busybox
+templates/lxc-archlinux
src/lxc/lxc-attach
src/lxc/lxc-cgroup
diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index 6fa8c4a..02f652b 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -145,6 +145,7 @@ AC_CONFIG_FILES([
templates/lxc-fedora
templates/lxc-altlinux
templates/lxc-sshd
+ templates/lxc-archlinux
src/Makefile
src/lxc/Makefile
diff --git a/templates/Makefile.am b/templates/Makefile.am
index 046ad91..a2f9498 100644
--- a/templates/Makefile.am
+++ b/templates/Makefile.am
@@ -8,4 +8,5 @@ templates_SCRIPTS = \
lxc-fedora \
lxc-altlinux \
lxc-busybox \
- lxc-sshd
+ lxc-sshd \
+ lxc-archlinux
diff --git a/templates/lxc-archlinux.in b/templates/lxc-archlinux.in
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..095880a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/templates/lxc-archlinux.in
@@ -0,0 +1,462 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+
+#
+# template script for generating Arch linux container for LXC
+#
+
+#
+# lxc: linux Container library
+
+# Authors:
+# Alexander Vladimirov <idkfa@vlan1.ru>
+
+# This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+# modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+# License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+# version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+# This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+# Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+# License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
+# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+
+# defaults
+arch=$(arch)
+cache=/var/cache/lxc/arch/${arch}
+lxc_network_type="veth"
+lxc_network_link="br0"
+default_path=/var/lib/lxc
+default_rc_locale="en-US.UTF-8"
+default_rc_timezone="UTC"
+host_mirror="http://mirrors.kernel.org/archlinux/\$repo/os/$arch"
+
+# sort of minimal package set
+base_packages=(
+ "filesystem"
+ "initscripts"
+ "coreutils"
+ "module-init-tools"
+ "procps"
+ "psmisc"
+ "pacman"
+ "bash"
+ "syslog-ng"
+ "cronie"
+ "iproute2"
+ "iputils"
+ "inetutils"
+ "dhcpcd"
+ "dnsutils"
+ "nano"
+ "grep"
+ "less"
+ "gawk"
+ "sed"
+ "tar"
+ "wget"
+ "gzip"
+ "which"
+)
+declare -a additional_packages
+
+[ -f /etc/arch-release ] && is_arch=true
+
+# find and extract parameter value from given config file
+# ${1} - file to read parameter from
+# ${2} - parameter name
+# ${result} - result value on success
+function read_parameter_value {
+ [ -f ${1} ] && [ "${2}" ] || return 1
+ local pattern="^[[:space:]]*${2}[[:space:]]*=[[:space:]]*"
+ local str=$(grep "${pattern}" "${1}")
+ local str=${str/#$(grep -o "${pattern}" "${1}")/}
+ result=${str//\"/}
+ return 0
+}
+
+# split comma-separated string into an array
+# ${1} - string to split
+# ${2} - separator (default is ",")
+# ${result} - result value on success
+function split_string {
+ local ifs=${IFS}
+ IFS="${2:-,}"
+ read -a result < <(echo "${1}")
+ IFS=${ifs}
+ return 0
+}
+
+# Arch-specific preconfiguration for container
+function configure_arch {
+ # read locale and timezone defaults from system rc.conf if running on Arch
+ if [ "${is_arch}" ]; then
+ read_parameter_value "/etc/rc.conf" "LOCALE"
+ rc_locale=${result:-${default_rc_locale}}
+ read_parameter_value "/etc/rc.conf" "TIMEZONE"
+ rc_timezone=${result:-${default_rc_timezone}}
+ else
+ rc_locale=${default_rc_locale}
+ rc_timezone=${default_rc_timezone}
+ fi
+
+ echo "Setting up rc.conf"
+ cat > "${rootfs_path}/etc/rc.conf" << EOF
+# /etc/rc.conf - Main Configuration for Arch Linux
+LOCALE="${rc_locale}"
+DAEMON_LOCALE="no"
+HARDWARECLOCK="local"
+TIMEZONE="${rc_timezone}"
+KEYMAP=us
+CONSOLEFONT=
+CONSOLEMAP=
+USECOLOR="yes"
+MODULES=()
+HOSTNAME="${name}"
+interface=eth0
+address=
+netmask=
+broadcast=
+gateway=
+DAEMONS=(syslog-ng crond network)
+EOF
+
+ if [ -e "${rootfs_path}/etc/locale.gen" ]; then
+ sed -i 's@^#\(en_US\.UTF-8\)@\1@' "${rootfs_path}/etc/locale.gen"
+ if [ ! "${rc_locale}" = "en_US.UTF-8" ]; then
+ echo "${rc_locale} ${rc_locale##*.}" >> "${rootfs_path}/etc/locale.gen"
+ fi
+ chroot "${rootfs_path}" locale-gen
+ fi
+ cp "${rootfs_path}/usr/share/zoneinfo/${rc_timezone}" \
+ "${rootfs_path}/etc/localtime"
+
+ echo "Setting up rc.sysinit"
+ cat > "${rootfs_path}/etc/rc.sysinit.lxc" << EOF
+#!/bin/bash
+. /etc/rc.conf
+. /etc/rc.d/functions
+
+echo "starting Arch Linux"
+rm -f \$(find /var/run -name '*pid')
+rm -f /run/daemons/*
+rm -f /var/lock/subsys/*
+rm -f /etc/mtab
+touch /etc/mtab
+run_hook sysinit_end
+EOF
+
+ echo "Setting up rc.shutdown"
+ cat > "${rootfs_path}/etc/rc.shutdown.lxc" << EOF
+#!/bin/bash
+. /etc/rc.conf
+. /etc/rc.d/functions
+stty onlcr
+run_hook shutdown_start
+[[ -x /etc/rc.local.shutdown ]] && /etc/rc.local.shutdown
+stop_all_daemons
+run_hook shutdown_prekillall
+kill_all
+run_hook shutdown_postkillall
+[[ \${TIMEZONE} ]] && cp --remove-destination "/usr/share/zoneinfo/\${TIMEZONE}" /etc/localtime
+halt -w
+umount -a -r -t nodevtmpfs,notmpfs,nosysfs,noproc,nodevpts -O no_netdev
+run_hook shutdown_postumount
+run_hook shutdown_poweroff
+if [[ \${RUNLEVEL} = 0 ]]; then
+ poweroff -d -f -i
+else
+ reboot -d -f -i
+fi
+# vim: set ts=2 sw=2 noet:
+EOF
+ chmod 755 "${rootfs_path}/etc/rc.shutdown.lxc" "${rootfs_path}/etc/rc.sysinit.lxc"
+
+ echo "Setting up inittab"
+ cat > "${rootfs_path}/etc/inittab" << EOF
+id:3:initdefault:
+rc::sysinit:/etc/rc.sysinit.lxc
+rs:S1:wait:/etc/rc.single
+rm:2345:wait:/etc/rc.multi
+rh:06:wait:/etc/rc.shutdown.lxc
+su:S:wait:/sbin/sulogin -p
+c1:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -8 38400 tty1 linux
+EOF
+
+ echo "Setting up hosts"
+ cat > "${rootfs_path}/etc/hosts" << EOF
+127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost ${name}
+::1 localhost.localdomain localhost
+EOF
+
+ echo "Setting up nameserver"
+ grep nameserver /etc/resolv.conf > "${rootfs_path}/etc/resolv.conf"
+
+ echo "Setting up device nodes"
+ mkdir -m 755 "${rootfs_path}/dev/pts"
+ mkdir -m 1777 "${rootfs_path}/dev/shm"
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/null" c 1 3
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/full" c 1 7
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/random" c 1 8
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/urandom" c 1 9
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty0" c 4 0
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty1" c 4 1
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty2" c 4 2
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty3" c 4 3
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty4" c 4 4
+ mknod -m 600 "${rootfs_path}/dev/initctl" p
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty" c 5 0
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/console" c 5 1
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/ptmx" c 5 2
+
+ return 0
+}
+
+# write container configuration files
+function copy_configuration {
+ mkdir -p "${config_path}"
+ cat > "${config_path}/config" << EOF
+lxc.utsname=${name}
+lxc.tty=4
+lxc.pts=1024
+lxc.rootfs=${rootfs_path}
+lxc.mount=${config_path}/fstab
+#networking
+lxc.network.type=${lxc_network_type}
+lxc.network.flags=up
+lxc.network.link=${lxc_network_link}
+lxc.network.name=eth0
+lxc.network.mtu=1500
+#cgroups
+lxc.cgroup.devices.deny = a
+# /dev/null and zero
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 1:3 rwm
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 1:5 rwm
+# consoles
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 5:1 rwm
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 5:0 rwm
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 4:0 rwm
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 4:1 rwm
+# /dev/{,u}random
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 1:9 rwm
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 1:8 rwm
+# /dev/pts
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 136:* rwm
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 5:2 rwm
+# rtc
+lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 254:0 rwm
+EOF
+
+ cat > "${config_path}/fstab" << EOF
+none ${rootfs_path}/dev/pts devpts defaults 0 0
+none ${rootfs_path}/proc proc nodev,noexec,nosuid 0 0
+none ${rootfs_path}/sys sysfs defaults 0 0
+none ${rootfs_path}/dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
+EOF
+
+ if [ ${?} -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "Failed to configure container"
+ return 1
+ fi
+
+ return 0
+}
+
+# lock chroot and mount subdirectories before installing container
+function mount_chroot {
+ echo "mounting chroot"
+ umask 0022
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/sys" ] || mkdir "${rootfs_path}/sys"
+ mount -t sysfs sysfs "${rootfs_path}/sys"
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/proc" ] || mkdir "${rootfs_path}/proc"
+ mount -t proc proc "${rootfs_path}/proc"
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/dev" ] || mkdir "${rootfs_path}/dev"
+ mount -t tmpfs dev "${rootfs_path}/dev" -o mode=0755,size=10M,nosuid
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/null" c 1 3
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/zero" c 1 5
+ mknod -m 600 "${rootfs_path}/dev/console" c 5 1
+ mknod -m 644 "${rootfs_path}/dev/random" c 1 8
+ mknod -m 644 "${rootfs_path}/dev/urandom" c 1 9
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty" c 5 0
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/tty0" c 4 0
+ mknod -m 666 "${rootfs_path}/dev/full" c 1 7
+ ln -s /proc/kcore "${rootfs_path}/dev/core"
+ ln -s /proc/self/fd "${rootfs_path}/dev/fd"
+ ln -s /proc/self/fd/0 "${rootfs_path}/dev/stdin"
+ ln -s /proc/self/fd/1 "${rootfs_path}/dev/stdout"
+ ln -s /proc/self/fd/2 "${rootfs_path}/dev/stderr"
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/dev/shm" ] || mkdir "${rootfs_path}/dev/shm"
+ mount -t tmpfs shm "${rootfs_path}/dev/shm" -o nodev,nosuid,size=128M
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/dev/pts" ] || mkdir "${rootfs_path}/dev/pts"
+ mount -t devpts devpts "${rootfs_path}/dev/pts" -o newinstance,ptmxmode=666
+ ln -s pts/ptmx "${rootfs_path}/dev/ptmx"
+ [ -e "${cache_dir}" ] || mkdir -p "${cache_dir}"
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/${cache_dir}" ] || mkdir -p "${rootfs_path}/${cache_dir}"
+ mount -o bind "${cache_dir}" "${rootfs_path}/${cache_dir}"
+ if [ -n "${host_mirror_path}" ]; then
+ [ -e "${rootfs_path}/${host_mirror_path}" ] || mkdir -p "${rootfs_path}/${host_mirror_path}"
+ mount -o bind "${host_mirror_path}" "${rootfs_path}/${host_mirror_path}"
+ mount -o remount,ro,bind "${host_mirror_path}" "${rootfs_path}/${host_mirror_path}"
+ fi
+ trap 'umount_chroot' EXIT INT QUIT TERM HUP
+}
+
+function umount_chroot {
+ if [ -z "${umount_done}" ]; then
+ echo "unmounting chroot"
+ umount "${rootfs_path}/proc"
+ umount "${rootfs_path}/sys"
+ umount "${rootfs_path}/dev/pts"
+ umount "${rootfs_path}/dev/shm"
+ umount "${rootfs_path}/dev"
+ umount "${rootfs_path}/${cache_dir}"
+ [ -n "${host_mirror_path}" ] && umount "${rootfs_path}/${host_mirror_path}"
+ umount_done=1
+ fi
+}
+
+# install packages within container chroot
+function install_arch {
+ pacman_config=$(mktemp)
+
+ cat <<EOF > "${pacman_config}"
+[options]
+HoldPkg = pacman glibc
+SyncFirst = pacman
+Architecture = auto
+#IgnorePkg = udev
+[core]
+Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
+Server = ${host_mirror}
+[extra]
+Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
+Server = ${host_mirror}
+[community]
+Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
+Server = ${host_mirror}
+EOF
+
+ mkdir -p "${rootfs_path}/var/lib/pacman/sync"
+ mkdir -p "${rootfs_path}/etc"
+
+ if echo "${host_mirror}" | grep -q 'file://'; then
+ host_mirror_path=$(echo "${host_mirror}" | sed -E 's#file://(/.*)/\$repo/os/\$arch#\1#g')
+ fi
+ cache_dir=$( (grep -m 1 '^CacheDir' "${pacman_config}" || echo 'CacheDir = /var/cache/pacman/pkg') | sed 's/CacheDir\s*=\s*//')
+ mount_chroot
+ params="--root ${rootfs_path} --config=${pacman_config} --noconfirm"
+ if ! pacman -Sydd ${params} --dbonly udev; then
+ echo "Failed to preinstall udev package record"
+ return 1
+ fi
+ if ! pacman -S ${params} ${base_packages[@]}; then
+ echo "Failed to install container packages"
+ return 1
+ fi
+ [ -d "${rootfs_path}/lib/modules" ] && ldconfig -r "${rootfs_path}"
+ mv "${pacman_config}" "${rootfs_path}/etc/pacman.conf"
+ umount_chroot
+ return 0
+}
+
+usage()
+{
+ cat <<EOF
+usage:
+ ${1} -n|--name=<container_name>
+ [-P|--packages=<pkg1,pkg2,...>] [-p|--path=<path>] [-h|--help]
+Mandatory args:
+ -n,--name container name, used to as an identifier for that container from now on
+Optional args:
+ -p,--path path to where the container rootfs will be created, defaults to /var/lib/lxc. The container config will go under /var/lib/lxc in that case
+ -P,--packages preinstall additional packages, comma-separated list
+ -h,--help print this help
+EOF
+ return 0
+}
+
+options=$(getopt -o hp:P:n:cm: -l help,path:,packages:,name:,clean,mirror: -- "${@}")
+if [ ${?} -ne 0 ]; then
+ usage $(basename ${0})
+ exit 1
+fi
+eval set -- "${options}"
+
+while true
+do
+ case "${1}" in
+ -h|--help) usage ${0} && exit 0;;
+ -p|--path) path=${2}; shift 2;;
+ -n|--name) name=${2}; shift 2;;
+ -P|--packages) additional_packages=${2}; shift 2;;
+ -m|--mirror) host_mirror=${2}; shift 2;;
+ --) shift 1; break ;;
+ *) break ;;
+ esac
+done
+
+if [ -z "${name}" ]; then
+ echo "missing required 'name' parameter"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+type pacman >/dev/null 2>&1
+if [ ${?} -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "'pacman' command is missing, refer to wiki.archlinux.org for information about installing pacman"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+if [ -z "${path}" ]; then
+ path="${default_path}/${name}"
+fi
+
+if [ "${EUID}" != "0" ]; then
+ echo "This script should be run as 'root'"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+rootfs_path="${path}/rootfs"
+config_path="${default_path}/${name}"
+
+revert()
+{
+ echo "Interrupted, so cleaning up"
+ lxc-destroy -n "${name}"
+ # maybe was interrupted before copy config
+ rm -rf "${path}/${name}"
+ rm -rf "${default_path}/${name}"
+ exit 1
+}
+
+trap revert SIGHUP SIGINT SIGTERM
+
+copy_configuration
+if [ ${?} -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "failed write configuration file"
+ rm -rf "${config_path}"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+if [ ${#additional_packages[@]} -gt 0 ]; then
+ split_string ${additional_packages}
+ base_packages+=(${result[@]})
+fi
+
+install_arch
+if [ ${?} -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "failed to install Arch linux"
+ rm -rf "${config_path}" "${path}"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+configure_arch
+if [ ${?} -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "failed to configure Arch linux for a container"
+ rm -rf "${config_path}" "${path}"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+echo "container rootfs and config created"