summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 2ca30f2053222e61fdab71b4bfc5b937fb29d006 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
\chapter{Ebuild-defined Variables}
\label{ch:ebuild-vars}

\note{This chapter describes variables that may or must be defined by ebuilds. For variables that
are passed from the package manager to the ebuild, see section~\ref{sec:ebuild-env-vars}.}

If any of these variables are set to invalid values, or if any of the mandatory variables are
undefined, the package manager's behaviour is undefined; ideally, an error in one ebuild should not
prevent operations upon other ebuilds or packages.

\section{Metadata Invariance}
\label{sec:metadata-invariance}

All ebuild-defined variables discussed in this chapter must be defined independently of
any system, profile or tree dependent data, and must not vary depending upon the ebuild
phase. In particular, ebuild metadata can and will be generated on a different system from that upon
which the ebuild will be used, and the ebuild must generate identical metadata every time it
is used.

Globally defined ebuild variables without a special meaning must similarly not rely upon
variable data.

\section{Mandatory Ebuild-defined Variables}
\label{sec:mandatory-vars}

All ebuilds must define at least the following variables:

\begin{description}
\item[DESCRIPTION] A short human-readable description of the package's purpose. May be defined by an
    eclass. Must not be empty.
\item[SLOT] The package's slot. Must be a valid slot name, as per section~\ref{sec:slot-names}.
    May be defined by an eclass. Must not be empty.

    In EAPIs shown in table~\ref{tab:slot-deps-table} as supporting sub-slots, the \t{SLOT} variable
    may contain an optional sub-slot part that follows the regular slot and is delimited by a \t{/}
    character. The sub-slot must be a valid slot name, as per section~\ref{sec:slot-names}.
    The sub-slot is used to represent cases in which an upgrade to a new version of a package with
    a different sub-slot may require dependent packages to be rebuilt. When the sub-slot part is
    omitted from the \t{SLOT} definition, the package is considered to have an implicit sub-slot
    which is equal to the regular slot.
\end{description}

\section{Optional Ebuild-defined Variables}
\label{sec:optional-vars}

Ebuilds may define any of the following variables:

\begin{description}
\item[EAPI] The EAPI\@. See below in section~\ref{sec:eapi}.
\item[HOMEPAGE] The URI or URIs for a package's homepage, including protocols.
    See section~\ref{sec:dependency-spec} for full syntax.
\item[SRC_URI] A list of source URIs for the package. Valid protocols are \t{http://},
    \t{https://}, \t{ftp://} and \t{mirror://} (see section~\ref{sec:thirdpartymirrors} for mirror
    behaviour). Fetch restricted packages may include URL parts consisting of just a filename.
    See section~\ref{sec:src-uri-behaviour} for description and section~\ref{sec:dependency-spec}
    for full syntax.
\item[LICENSE] The package's license. Each text token must be a valid license name, as per
    section~\ref{sec:license-names}, and must correspond to a tree ``licenses/'' entry
    (see section~\ref{sec:licenses-dir}). See section~\ref{sec:dependency-spec} for full syntax.
\item[KEYWORDS] A whitespace separated list of keywords for the ebuild. Each token must be a valid
    keyword name, as per section~\ref{sec:keyword-names}. See section~\ref{sec:keywords} for full
    syntax.
\item[IUSE] The \t{USE} flags used by the ebuild. Any eclass that works with \t{USE} flags must
    also set \t{IUSE}, listing only the variables used by that eclass. The package manager is
    responsible for merging these values. See section~\ref{sec:use-iuse-handling} for discussion on
    which values must be listed in this variable.

    \featurelabel{iuse-defaults} In EAPIs shown in table~\ref{tab:iuse-defaults-table} as supporting
    \t{IUSE} defaults, any use flag name in \t{IUSE} may be prefixed by at most one of a plus or a
    minus sign. If such a prefix is present, the package manager may use it as a suggestion as to
    the default value of the use flag if no other configuration overrides it.
\item[REQUIRED_USE] \featurelabel{required-use} Zero or more assertions that must be met by the
    configuration of \t{USE} flags to be valid for this ebuild. See section~\ref{sec:required-use}
    for description and section~\ref{sec:dependency-spec} for full syntax. Only in EAPIs listed in
    table~\ref{tab:optional-vars-table} as supporting \t{REQUIRED_USE}.
\item[PROPERTIES] \featurelabel{properties} Zero or more properties for this package.
    See section~\ref{sec:properties} for value meanings and section~\ref{sec:dependency-spec} for
    full syntax. For EAPIs listed in table~\ref{tab:optional-vars-table} as having optional support,
    ebuilds must not rely upon the package manager recognising or understanding this variable in
    any way.
\item[RESTRICT] Zero or more behaviour restrictions for this package. See section~\ref{sec:restrict}
    for value meanings and section~\ref{sec:dependency-spec} for full syntax.
\item[DEPEND] See chapter~\ref{ch:dependencies}.
\item[RDEPEND] See chapter~\ref{ch:dependencies}. For some EAPIs, \t{RDEPEND} has special behaviour
    for its value if unset and when used with an eclass. See section~\ref{sec:rdepend-depend} for
    details.
\item[PDEPEND] See chapter~\ref{ch:dependencies}.
\item[BDEPEND] See chapter~\ref{ch:dependencies}.
\end{description}

\ChangeWhenAddingAnEAPI{7}
\begin{centertable}{EAPIs supporting \t{IUSE} defaults}
    \label{tab:iuse-defaults-table}
    \begin{tabular}{ll}
      \toprule
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{EAPI}} &
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{Supports \t{IUSE} defaults?}} \\
      \midrule
      0                         & No  \\
      1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7       & Yes \\
      \bottomrule
    \end{tabular}
\end{centertable}

\ChangeWhenAddingAnEAPI{7}
\begin{centertable}{EAPIs supporting various ebuild-defined variables}
    \label{tab:optional-vars-table}
    \begin{tabular}{lll}
      \toprule
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{EAPI}} &
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{Supports \t{PROPERTIES}?}} &
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{Supports \t{REQUIRED_USE}?}} \\
      \midrule
      0, 1, 2, 3        & Optionally & No  \\
      4, 5, 6, 7        & Yes        & Yes \\
      \bottomrule
    \end{tabular}
\end{centertable}

\subsection{EAPI}
\label{sec:eapi}

An empty or unset \t{EAPI} value is equivalent to \t{0}. Ebuilds must not assume that they will get
a particular one of these two values if they are expecting one of these two values.

The package manager must either pre-set the \t{EAPI} variable to \t{0} or ensure that it is unset
before sourcing the ebuild for metadata generation. When using the ebuild for other purposes, the
package manager must either pre-set \t{EAPI} to the value specified by the ebuild's metadata or
ensure that it is unset.

If any of these variables are set to invalid values, the package manager's behaviour is undefined;
ideally, an error in one ebuild should not prevent operations upon other ebuilds or packages.

If the EAPI is to be specified in an ebuild, the \t{EAPI} variable must be assigned to precisely
once. The assignment must not be preceded by any lines other than blank lines or those that start
with optional whitespace (spaces or tabs) followed by a \t{\#} character, and the line containing
the assignment statement must match the following regular expression:
\begin{verbatim}
^[ \t]*EAPI=(['"]?)([A-Za-z0-9+_.-]*)\1[ \t]*([ \t]#.*)?$
\end{verbatim}

The package manager must determine the EAPI of an ebuild by parsing its first non-blank and
non-comment line, using the above regular expression. If it matches, the EAPI is the substring
matched by the capturing parentheses (\t{0} if empty), otherwise it is \t{0}. For a recognised
EAPI, the package manager must make sure that the \t{EAPI} value obtained by sourcing the ebuild
with bash is identical to the EAPI obtained by parsing. The ebuild must be treated as invalid if
these values are different.

\subsection{SRC_URI}
\label{sec:src-uri-behaviour}

All filename components that are enabled (i.\,e.\ not inside a use-conditional block that is not
matched) in \t{SRC_URI} must be available in the \t{DISTDIR} directory. In addition, these
components are used to make the \t{A} and \t{AA} variables.

If a component contains a full URI with protocol, that download location must be used. Package
managers may also consult mirrors for their files.

The special \t{mirror://} protocol must be supported. See section~\ref{sec:thirdpartymirrors} for
mirror details.

If a simple filename rather than a full URI is provided, the package manager can only use mirrors
to download the file.

The \t{RESTRICT} metadata key can be used to impose additional restrictions upon downloading---see
section~\ref{sec:restrict} for details.

\featurelabel{src-uri-arrows} In EAPIs listed in table~\ref{tab:uri-arrows-table} as supporting
arrows, if an arrow is used, the filename used when saving to \t{DISTDIR} shall instead be the name
on the right of the arrow. When consulting mirrors (except for those explicitly listed on the left
of the arrow, if \t{mirror://} is used), the filename to the right of the arrow shall be requested
instead of the filename in the URI.

\ChangeWhenAddingAnEAPI{7}
\begin{centertable}{EAPIs supporting \t{SRC_URI} arrows}
    \label{tab:uri-arrows-table}
    \begin{tabular}{ll}
      \toprule
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{EAPI}} &
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{Supports \t{SRC_URI} arrows?}} \\
      \midrule
      0, 1              & No  \\
      2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7  & Yes \\
      \bottomrule
    \end{tabular}
\end{centertable}

\subsection{Keywords}
\label{sec:keywords}

Keywords are used to indicate levels of stability of a package on a respective architecture
\t{arch}. The following conventions are used:
\begin{compactitem}
\item \t{arch}: Both the package version and the ebuild are widely tested, known to work and not
    have any serious issues on the indicated platform. This is referred to as a \i{stable keyword}.
\item \t{\textasciitilde arch}: The package version and the ebuild are believed to work and do
    not have any known serious bugs, but more testing is required before the package version is
    considered suitable for obtaining a stable keyword. This is referred to as an \i{unstable
    keyword} or a \i{testing keyword}.
\item No keyword: It is not known whether the package will work, or insufficient testing has
    occurred.
\item \t{-arch}: The package version will not work on the architecture.
\end{compactitem}
The \t{-*} keyword is used to indicate package versions which are not worth trying to test on
unlisted architectures.

An empty \t{KEYWORDS} variable indicates uncertain functionality on any architecture.

\subsection{USE state constraints}
\label{sec:required-use}

\t{REQUIRED_USE} contains a list of assertions that must be met by the configuration of \t{USE}
flags to be valid for this ebuild. In order to be matched, a \t{USE} flag in a terminal element
must be enabled (or disabled if it has an exclamation mark prefix).

If the package manager encounters a package version where \t{REQUIRED_USE} assertions are not met,
it must treat this package version as if it was masked. No phase functions must be called.

It is an error for a flag to be used if it is not included in \t{IUSE_EFFECTIVE}.

\subsection{Properties}
\label{sec:properties}

The following tokens are permitted inside \t{PROPERTIES}:

\begin{description}
\item[interactive] The package may require interaction with the user via the tty.
\end{description}

Ebuilds may not rely upon any token being supported.

\subsection{Restrict}
\label{sec:restrict}

The following tokens are permitted inside \t{RESTRICT}:

\begin{description}
\item[mirror] The package's \t{SRC_URI} entries may not be mirrored, and mirrors should not be
    checked when fetching.
\item[fetch] The package's \t{SRC_URI} entries may not be downloaded automatically. If entries are
    not available, \t{pkg_nofetch} is called. Implies \t{mirror}.
\item[strip] No stripping of debug symbols from files to be installed may be performed. In EAPIs
    listed in table~\ref{tab:staging-area-commands} as supporting controllable stripping, this
    behaviour may be altered by the \t{dostrip} command.
\item[userpriv] The package manager may not drop root privileges when building the package.
\item[test] The \t{src_test} phase must not be run.
\end{description}

Package managers may recognise other tokens, but ebuilds may not rely upon them being supported.

\subsection{RDEPEND value}
\label{sec:rdepend-depend}

\featurelabel{rdepend-depend} In EAPIs listed in table~\ref{tab:rdepend-depend-table} as having
\t{RDEPEND=DEPEND}, if \t{RDEPEND} is unset (but not if it is set to an empty string) in an ebuild,
when generating metadata the package manager must treat its value as being equal to the value of
\t{DEPEND}.

When dealing with eclasses, only values set in the ebuild itself are considered for this behaviour;
any \t{DEPEND} or \t{RDEPEND} set in an eclass does not change the implicit \t{RDEPEND=DEPEND} for
the ebuild portion, and any \t{DEPEND} value set in an eclass does not get treated as being part of
\t{RDEPEND}.

\ChangeWhenAddingAnEAPI{7}
\begin{centertable}{EAPIs with \t{RDEPEND=DEPEND} default}
    \label{tab:rdepend-depend-table}
    \begin{tabular}{ll}
      \toprule
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{EAPI}} &
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{\t{RDEPEND=DEPEND}?}} \\
      \midrule
      0, 1, 2, 3        & Yes \\
      4, 5, 6, 7        & No  \\
      \bottomrule
    \end{tabular}
\end{centertable}

\section{Magic Ebuild-defined Variables}

The following variables must be defined by \t{inherit} (see section~\ref{sec:inherit}), and may be
considered to be part of the ebuild's metadata:

\begin{description}
\item[ECLASS] The current eclass, or unset if there is no current eclass. This is handled magically
    by \t{inherit} and must not be modified manually.
\item[INHERITED] List of inherited eclass names. Again, this is handled magically by \t{inherit}.
\end{description}

\note{Thus, by extension of section~\ref{sec:metadata-invariance}, \t{inherit} may not be used
conditionally, except upon constant conditions.}

The following are special variables defined by the package manager for internal use and may or may
not be exported to the ebuild environment:

\begin{description}
\item[DEFINED_PHASES] \featurelabel{defined-phases} A space separated arbitrarily ordered list
    of phase names (e.\,g.\ \t{configure setup unpack}) whose phase functions are defined by the
    ebuild or an eclass inherited by the ebuild. If no phase functions are defined, a single hyphen
    is used instead of an empty string. For EAPIs listed in table~\ref{tab:defined-phases-table}
    as having optional \t{DEFINED_PHASES} support, package managers may not rely upon the metadata
    cache having this variable defined, and must treat an empty string as ``this information is not
    available''.
\end{description}

\note{Thus, by extension of section~\ref{sec:metadata-invariance}, phase functions must not be
defined based upon any variant condition.}

\ChangeWhenAddingAnEAPI{7}
\begin{centertable}{EAPIs supporting \t{DEFINED_PHASES}}
    \label{tab:defined-phases-table}
    \begin{tabular}{ll}
      \toprule
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{EAPI}} &
      \multicolumn{1}{c}{\textbf{Supports \t{DEFINED_PHASES}?}} \\
      \midrule
      0, 1, 2, 3        & Optionally \\
      4, 5, 6, 7        & Yes        \\
      \bottomrule
    \end{tabular}
\end{centertable}

% vim: set filetype=tex fileencoding=utf8 et tw=100 spell spelllang=en :

%%% Local Variables:
%%% mode: latex
%%% TeX-master: "pms"
%%% LaTeX-indent-level: 4
%%% LaTeX-item-indent: 0
%%% TeX-brace-indent-level: 4
%%% fill-column: 100
%%% End: