summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 8d1f793dbbaa7f23f52986f1430b20ad7c5d9c97 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
\chapter{Introduction}

\section{Aims and Motivation}

This document aims to fully describe the format of an ebuild repository and the ebuilds therein, as
well as certain aspects of package manager behaviour required to support such a repository.

This document is \e{not} designed to be an introduction to ebuild development. Prior knowledge of
ebuild creation and an understanding of how the package management system works is assumed; certain
less familiar terms are explained in the Glossary in chapter~\ref{ch:glossary}.

This document does not specify any user or package manager configuration information.

\section{Rationale}

At present the only definition of what an ebuild can assume about its environment,
and the only definition of what is valid in an ebuild, is the source code of the latest Portage release
and a general consensus about which features are too new to assume availability. This has several
drawbacks: not only is it impossible to change any aspect of Portage behaviour without verifying
that nothing in the tree relies upon it, but if a new package manager should appear it becomes
impossible to fully support such an ill-defined standard.

This document aims to address both of these concerns by defining almost all aspects of what an
ebuild repository looks like, and how an ebuild is allowed to behave. Thus, both Portage and other
package managers can change aspects of their behaviour not defined here without worry of
incompatibilities with any particular repository.

\section{Reporting Issues}

Issues (inaccuracies, wording problems, omissions etc.)\ in this document should be reported via
Gentoo Bugzilla using product \e{Gentoo Hosted Projects}, component \e{PMS/EAPI} and the default
assignee. There should be one bug per issue, and one issue per bug.

Patches (in \t{git format-patch} form if possible) may be submitted either via Bugzilla or to the
\href{mailto:gentoo-pms@lists.gentoo.org}{\nolinkurl{gentoo-pms@lists.gentoo.org}} mailing list.
Patches will be reviewed by the PMS team, who will do one of the following:

\begin{compactitem}
\item Accept and apply the patch.
\item Explain why the patch cannot be applied as-is. The patch may then be updated and resubmitted
    if appropriate.
\item Reject the patch outright.
\item Take special action merited by the individual circumstances.
\end{compactitem}

When reporting issues, remember that this document is not the appropriate place for pushing through
changes to the tree or the package manager, except where those changes are bugs.

If any issue cannot be resolved by the PMS team, it may be escalated to the Gentoo Council.

\section{Conventions}

Text in \t{teletype} is used for filenames or variable names. \i{Italic} text is used for terms
with a particular technical meaning in places where there may otherwise be ambiguity.

The term \i{package manager} is used throughout this document in a broad sense. Although some parts
of this document are only relevant to fully featured package managers, many items are equally
applicable to tools or other applications that interact with ebuilds or ebuild repositories.

\section{Acknowledgements}

Thanks to Mike Kelly (package manager provided utilities, section~\ref{sec:pkg-mgr-commands}),
Danny van Dyk (ebuild functions, chapter~\ref{ch:ebuild-functions}), David Leverton (various
sections), Petteri Räty (environment state, section~\ref{sec:ebuild-env-state}), Michał Górny
(various sections), Andreas K. Hüttel (stable use masking, section~\ref{sec:use-masking}),
Zac Medico (sub-slots, section~\ref{sec:mandatory-vars}) and James Le Cuirot (build dependencies,
section~\ref{sec:ebuild-env-vars}) for contributions. Thanks also to Mike Frysinger and
Brian Harring for proof-reading and suggestions for fixes and/or clarification.

% vim: set filetype=tex fileencoding=utf8 et tw=100 spell spelllang=en :

%%% Local Variables:
%%% mode: latex
%%% TeX-master: "pms"
%%% LaTeX-indent-level: 4
%%% LaTeX-item-indent: 0
%%% TeX-brace-indent-level: 4
%%% fill-column: 100
%%% End: