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/*
 *  Microblaze MMU emulation for qemu.
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2009 Edgar E. Iglesias
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA  02110-1301 USA
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>

#include "config.h"
#include "cpu.h"
#include "exec-all.h"

#define D(x)

static unsigned int tlb_decode_size(unsigned int f)
{
    static const unsigned int sizes[] = {
        1 * 1024, 4 * 1024, 16 * 1024, 64 * 1024, 256 * 1024,
        1 * 1024 * 1024, 4 * 1024 * 1024, 16 * 1024 * 1024
    };
    assert(f < ARRAY_SIZE(sizes));
    return sizes[f];
}

static void mmu_flush_idx(CPUState *env, unsigned idx)
{
    struct microblaze_mmu *mmu = &env->mmu;
    unsigned int tlb_size;
    uint32_t tlb_tag, end, t;

    t = mmu->rams[RAM_TAG][idx];
    if (!(t & TLB_VALID))
        return;

    tlb_tag = t & TLB_EPN_MASK;
    tlb_size = tlb_decode_size((t & TLB_PAGESZ_MASK) >> 7);
    end = tlb_tag + tlb_size;

    while (tlb_tag < end) {
        tlb_flush_page(env, tlb_tag);
        tlb_tag += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
    }
}

static void mmu_change_pid(CPUState *env, unsigned int newpid) 
{
    struct microblaze_mmu *mmu = &env->mmu;
    unsigned int i;
    unsigned int tlb_size;
    uint32_t tlb_tag, mask, t;

    if (newpid & ~0xff)
        qemu_log("Illegal rpid=%x\n", newpid);

    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mmu->rams[RAM_TAG]); i++) {
        /* Lookup and decode.  */
        t = mmu->rams[RAM_TAG][i];
        if (t & TLB_VALID) {
            tlb_size = tlb_decode_size((t & TLB_PAGESZ_MASK) >> 7);
            mask = ~(tlb_size - 1);

            tlb_tag = t & TLB_EPN_MASK;
            if (mmu->tids[i] && ((mmu->regs[MMU_R_PID] & 0xff) == mmu->tids[i]))
                mmu_flush_idx(env, i);
        }
    }
}

/* rw - 0 = read, 1 = write, 2 = fetch.  */
unsigned int mmu_translate(struct microblaze_mmu *mmu,
                           struct microblaze_mmu_lookup *lu,
                           target_ulong vaddr, int rw, int mmu_idx)
{
    unsigned int i, hit = 0;
    unsigned int tlb_ex = 0, tlb_wr = 0, tlb_zsel;
    unsigned int tlb_size;
    uint32_t tlb_tag, tlb_rpn, mask, t0;

    lu->err = ERR_MISS;
    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mmu->rams[RAM_TAG]); i++) {
        uint32_t t, d;

        /* Lookup and decode.  */
        t = mmu->rams[RAM_TAG][i];
        D(qemu_log("TLB %d valid=%d\n", i, t & TLB_VALID));
        if (t & TLB_VALID) {
            tlb_size = tlb_decode_size((t & TLB_PAGESZ_MASK) >> 7);
            if (tlb_size < TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
                qemu_log("%d pages not supported\n", tlb_size);
                abort();
            }

            mask = ~(tlb_size - 1);
            tlb_tag = t & TLB_EPN_MASK;
            if ((vaddr & mask) != (tlb_tag & mask)) {
                D(qemu_log("TLB %d vaddr=%x != tag=%x\n",
                           i, vaddr & mask, tlb_tag & mask));
                continue;
            }
            if (mmu->tids[i]
                && ((mmu->regs[MMU_R_PID] & 0xff) != mmu->tids[i])) {
                D(qemu_log("TLB %d pid=%x != tid=%x\n",
                           i, mmu->regs[MMU_R_PID], mmu->tids[i]));
                continue;
            }

            /* Bring in the data part.  */
            d = mmu->rams[RAM_DATA][i];
            tlb_ex = d & TLB_EX;
            tlb_wr = d & TLB_WR;

            /* Now lets see if there is a zone that overrides the protbits.  */
            tlb_zsel = (d >> 4) & 0xf;
            t0 = mmu->regs[MMU_R_ZPR] >> (30 - (tlb_zsel * 2));
            t0 &= 0x3;
            switch (t0) {
                case 0:
                    if (mmu_idx == MMU_USER_IDX)
                        continue;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    if (mmu_idx != MMU_USER_IDX) {
                        tlb_ex = 1;
                        tlb_wr = 1;
                    }
                    break;
                case 3:
                    tlb_ex = 1;
                    tlb_wr = 1;
                    break;
            }


            lu->err = ERR_PROT;
            lu->prot = PAGE_READ;
            if (tlb_wr)
                lu->prot |= PAGE_WRITE;
            else if (rw == 1)
                goto done;
            if (tlb_ex)
                lu->prot |=PAGE_EXEC;
            else if (rw == 2) {
                goto done;
            }

            tlb_rpn = d & TLB_RPN_MASK;

            lu->vaddr = tlb_tag;
            lu->paddr = tlb_rpn;
            lu->size = tlb_size;
            lu->err = ERR_HIT;
            lu->idx = i;
            hit = 1;
            goto done;
        }
    }
done:
    D(qemu_log("MMU vaddr=%x rw=%d tlb_wr=%d tlb_ex=%d hit=%d\n",
              vaddr, rw, tlb_wr, tlb_ex, hit));
    return hit;
}

/* Writes/reads to the MMU's special regs end up here.  */
uint32_t mmu_read(CPUState *env, uint32_t rn)
{
    unsigned int i;
    uint32_t r;

    switch (rn) {
        /* Reads to HI/LO trig reads from the mmu rams.  */
        case MMU_R_TLBLO:
        case MMU_R_TLBHI:
            i = env->mmu.regs[MMU_R_TLBX] & 0xff;
            r = env->mmu.rams[rn & 1][i];
            if (rn == MMU_R_TLBHI)
                env->mmu.regs[MMU_R_PID] = env->mmu.tids[i];
            break;
        default:
            r = env->mmu.regs[rn];
            break;
    }
    D(qemu_log("%s rn=%d=%x\n", __func__, rn, r));
    return r;
}

void mmu_write(CPUState *env, uint32_t rn, uint32_t v)
{
    unsigned int i;
    D(qemu_log("%s rn=%d=%x old=%x\n", __func__, rn, v, env->mmu.regs[rn]));

    switch (rn) {
        /* Writes to HI/LO trig writes to the mmu rams.  */
        case MMU_R_TLBLO:
        case MMU_R_TLBHI:
            i = env->mmu.regs[MMU_R_TLBX] & 0xff;
            if (rn == MMU_R_TLBHI) {
                if (i < 3 && !(v & TLB_VALID) && qemu_loglevel_mask(~0))
                    qemu_log("invalidating index %x at pc=%x\n",
                             i, env->sregs[SR_PC]);
                env->mmu.tids[i] = env->mmu.regs[MMU_R_PID] & 0xff;
                mmu_flush_idx(env, i);
            }
            env->mmu.rams[rn & 1][i] = v;

            D(qemu_log("%s ram[%d][%d]=%x\n", __func__, rn & 1, i, v));
            break;
        case MMU_R_ZPR:
        case MMU_R_PID:
            if (v != env->mmu.regs[rn]) {
                mmu_change_pid(env, v);
                env->mmu.regs[rn] = v;
            }
            break;
        case MMU_R_TLBSX:
        {
            struct microblaze_mmu_lookup lu;
            int hit;
            hit = mmu_translate(&env->mmu, &lu,
                                v & TLB_EPN_MASK, 0, cpu_mmu_index(env));
            if (hit) {
                env->mmu.regs[MMU_R_TLBX] = lu.idx;
            } else
                env->mmu.regs[MMU_R_TLBX] |= 0x80000000;
            break;
        }
        default:
            env->mmu.regs[rn] = v;
            break;
   }
}

void mmu_init(struct microblaze_mmu *mmu)
{
    memset(mmu, 0, sizeof *mmu);
}