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/*
 * QEMU VNC display driver: SASL auth protocol
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

#include "vnc.h"

/* Max amount of data we send/recv for SASL steps to prevent DOS */
#define SASL_DATA_MAX_LEN (1024 * 1024)


void vnc_sasl_client_cleanup(VncState *vs)
{
    if (vs->sasl.conn) {
	vs->sasl.runSSF = vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF = vs->sasl.wantSSF = 0;
	vs->sasl.encodedLength = vs->sasl.encodedOffset = 0;
	vs->sasl.encoded = NULL;
	free(vs->sasl.username);
	free(vs->sasl.mechlist);
	vs->sasl.username = vs->sasl.mechlist = NULL;
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
    }
}


long vnc_client_write_sasl(VncState *vs)
{
    long ret;

    VNC_DEBUG("Write SASL: Pending output %p size %d offset %d Encoded: %p size %d offset %d\n",
	      vs->output.buffer, vs->output.capacity, vs->output.offset,
	      vs->sasl.encoded, vs->sasl.encodedLength, vs->sasl.encodedOffset);

    if (!vs->sasl.encoded) {
	int err;
	err = sasl_encode(vs->sasl.conn,
			  (char *)vs->output.buffer,
			  vs->output.offset,
			  (const char **)&vs->sasl.encoded,
			  &vs->sasl.encodedLength);
	if (err != SASL_OK)
	    return vnc_client_io_error(vs, -1, EIO);

	vs->sasl.encodedOffset = 0;
    }

    ret = vnc_client_write_buf(vs,
			       vs->sasl.encoded + vs->sasl.encodedOffset,
			       vs->sasl.encodedLength - vs->sasl.encodedOffset);
    if (!ret)
	return 0;

    vs->sasl.encodedOffset += ret;
    if (vs->sasl.encodedOffset == vs->sasl.encodedLength) {
	vs->output.offset = 0;
	vs->sasl.encoded = NULL;
	vs->sasl.encodedOffset = vs->sasl.encodedLength = 0;
    }

    /* Can't merge this block with one above, because
     * someone might have written more unencrypted
     * data in vs->output while we were processing
     * SASL encoded output
     */
    if (vs->output.offset == 0) {
	qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->csock, NULL, vnc_client_read, NULL, vs);
    }

    return ret;
}


long vnc_client_read_sasl(VncState *vs)
{
    long ret;
    uint8_t encoded[4096];
    const char *decoded;
    unsigned int decodedLen;
    int err;

    ret = vnc_client_read_buf(vs, encoded, sizeof(encoded));
    if (!ret)
	return 0;

    err = sasl_decode(vs->sasl.conn,
		      (char *)encoded, ret,
		      &decoded, &decodedLen);

    if (err != SASL_OK)
	return vnc_client_io_error(vs, -1, -EIO);
    VNC_DEBUG("Read SASL Encoded %p size %ld Decoded %p size %d\n",
	      encoded, ret, decoded, decodedLen);
    buffer_reserve(&vs->input, decodedLen);
    buffer_append(&vs->input, decoded, decodedLen);
    return decodedLen;
}


static int vnc_auth_sasl_check_access(VncState *vs)
{
    const void *val;
    int err;

    err = sasl_getprop(vs->sasl.conn, SASL_USERNAME, &val);
    if (err != SASL_OK) {
	VNC_DEBUG("cannot query SASL username on connection %d (%s)\n",
		  err, sasl_errstring(err, NULL, NULL));
	return -1;
    }
    if (val == NULL) {
	VNC_DEBUG("no client username was found\n");
	return -1;
    }
    VNC_DEBUG("SASL client username %s\n", (const char *)val);

    vs->sasl.username = qemu_strdup((const char*)val);

    return 0;
}

static int vnc_auth_sasl_check_ssf(VncState *vs)
{
    const void *val;
    int err, ssf;

    if (!vs->sasl.wantSSF)
	return 1;

    err = sasl_getprop(vs->sasl.conn, SASL_SSF, &val);
    if (err != SASL_OK)
	return 0;

    ssf = *(const int *)val;
    VNC_DEBUG("negotiated an SSF of %d\n", ssf);
    if (ssf < 56)
	return 0; /* 56 is good for Kerberos */

    /* Only setup for read initially, because we're about to send an RPC
     * reply which must be in plain text. When the next incoming RPC
     * arrives, we'll switch on writes too
     *
     * cf qemudClientReadSASL  in qemud.c
     */
    vs->sasl.runSSF = 1;

    /* We have a SSF that's good enough */
    return 1;
}

/*
 * Step Msg
 *
 * Input from client:
 *
 * u32 clientin-length
 * u8-array clientin-string
 *
 * Output to client:
 *
 * u32 serverout-length
 * u8-array serverout-strin
 * u8 continue
 */

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_step_len(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len);

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_step(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
    uint32_t datalen = len;
    const char *serverout;
    unsigned int serveroutlen;
    int err;
    char *clientdata = NULL;

    /* NB, distinction of NULL vs "" is *critical* in SASL */
    if (datalen) {
	clientdata = (char*)data;
	clientdata[datalen-1] = '\0'; /* Wire includes '\0', but make sure */
	datalen--; /* Don't count NULL byte when passing to _start() */
    }

    VNC_DEBUG("Step using SASL Data %p (%d bytes)\n",
	      clientdata, datalen);
    err = sasl_server_step(vs->sasl.conn,
			   clientdata,
			   datalen,
			   &serverout,
			   &serveroutlen);
    if (err != SASL_OK &&
	err != SASL_CONTINUE) {
	VNC_DEBUG("sasl step failed %d (%s)\n",
		  err, sasl_errdetail(vs->sasl.conn));
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }

    if (serveroutlen > SASL_DATA_MAX_LEN) {
	VNC_DEBUG("sasl step reply data too long %d\n",
		  serveroutlen);
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }

    VNC_DEBUG("SASL return data %d bytes, nil; %d\n",
	      serveroutlen, serverout ? 0 : 1);

    if (serveroutlen) {
	vnc_write_u32(vs, serveroutlen + 1);
	vnc_write(vs, serverout, serveroutlen + 1);
    } else {
	vnc_write_u32(vs, 0);
    }

    /* Whether auth is complete */
    vnc_write_u8(vs, err == SASL_CONTINUE ? 0 : 1);

    if (err == SASL_CONTINUE) {
	VNC_DEBUG("%s", "Authentication must continue\n");
	/* Wait for step length */
	vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_step_len, 4);
    } else {
	if (!vnc_auth_sasl_check_ssf(vs)) {
	    VNC_DEBUG("Authentication rejected for weak SSF %d\n", vs->csock);
	    goto authreject;
	}

	/* Check username whitelist ACL */
	if (vnc_auth_sasl_check_access(vs) < 0) {
	    VNC_DEBUG("Authentication rejected for ACL %d\n", vs->csock);
	    goto authreject;
	}

	VNC_DEBUG("Authentication successful %d\n", vs->csock);
	vnc_write_u32(vs, 0); /* Accept auth */
	/*
	 * Delay writing in SSF encoded mode until pending output
	 * buffer is written
	 */
	if (vs->sasl.runSSF)
	    vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF = vs->output.offset;
	start_client_init(vs);
    }

    return 0;

 authreject:
    vnc_write_u32(vs, 1); /* Reject auth */
    vnc_write_u32(vs, sizeof("Authentication failed"));
    vnc_write(vs, "Authentication failed", sizeof("Authentication failed"));
    vnc_flush(vs);
    vnc_client_error(vs);
    return -1;

 authabort:
    vnc_client_error(vs);
    return -1;
}

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_step_len(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
    uint32_t steplen = read_u32(data, 0);
    VNC_DEBUG("Got client step len %d\n", steplen);
    if (steplen > SASL_DATA_MAX_LEN) {
	VNC_DEBUG("Too much SASL data %d\n", steplen);
	vnc_client_error(vs);
	return -1;
    }

    if (steplen == 0)
	return protocol_client_auth_sasl_step(vs, NULL, 0);
    else
	vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_step, steplen);
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Start Msg
 *
 * Input from client:
 *
 * u32 clientin-length
 * u8-array clientin-string
 *
 * Output to client:
 *
 * u32 serverout-length
 * u8-array serverout-strin
 * u8 continue
 */

#define SASL_DATA_MAX_LEN (1024 * 1024)

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_start(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
    uint32_t datalen = len;
    const char *serverout;
    unsigned int serveroutlen;
    int err;
    char *clientdata = NULL;

    /* NB, distinction of NULL vs "" is *critical* in SASL */
    if (datalen) {
	clientdata = (char*)data;
	clientdata[datalen-1] = '\0'; /* Should be on wire, but make sure */
	datalen--; /* Don't count NULL byte when passing to _start() */
    }

    VNC_DEBUG("Start SASL auth with mechanism %s. Data %p (%d bytes)\n",
	      vs->sasl.mechlist, clientdata, datalen);
    err = sasl_server_start(vs->sasl.conn,
			    vs->sasl.mechlist,
			    clientdata,
			    datalen,
			    &serverout,
			    &serveroutlen);
    if (err != SASL_OK &&
	err != SASL_CONTINUE) {
	VNC_DEBUG("sasl start failed %d (%s)\n",
		  err, sasl_errdetail(vs->sasl.conn));
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }
    if (serveroutlen > SASL_DATA_MAX_LEN) {
	VNC_DEBUG("sasl start reply data too long %d\n",
		  serveroutlen);
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }

    VNC_DEBUG("SASL return data %d bytes, nil; %d\n",
	      serveroutlen, serverout ? 0 : 1);

    if (serveroutlen) {
	vnc_write_u32(vs, serveroutlen + 1);
	vnc_write(vs, serverout, serveroutlen + 1);
    } else {
	vnc_write_u32(vs, 0);
    }

    /* Whether auth is complete */
    vnc_write_u8(vs, err == SASL_CONTINUE ? 0 : 1);

    if (err == SASL_CONTINUE) {
	VNC_DEBUG("%s", "Authentication must continue\n");
	/* Wait for step length */
	vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_step_len, 4);
    } else {
	if (!vnc_auth_sasl_check_ssf(vs)) {
	    VNC_DEBUG("Authentication rejected for weak SSF %d\n", vs->csock);
	    goto authreject;
	}

	/* Check username whitelist ACL */
	if (vnc_auth_sasl_check_access(vs) < 0) {
	    VNC_DEBUG("Authentication rejected for ACL %d\n", vs->csock);
	    goto authreject;
	}

	VNC_DEBUG("Authentication successful %d\n", vs->csock);
	vnc_write_u32(vs, 0); /* Accept auth */
	start_client_init(vs);
    }

    return 0;

 authreject:
    vnc_write_u32(vs, 1); /* Reject auth */
    vnc_write_u32(vs, sizeof("Authentication failed"));
    vnc_write(vs, "Authentication failed", sizeof("Authentication failed"));
    vnc_flush(vs);
    vnc_client_error(vs);
    return -1;

 authabort:
    vnc_client_error(vs);
    return -1;
}

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_start_len(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
    uint32_t startlen = read_u32(data, 0);
    VNC_DEBUG("Got client start len %d\n", startlen);
    if (startlen > SASL_DATA_MAX_LEN) {
	VNC_DEBUG("Too much SASL data %d\n", startlen);
	vnc_client_error(vs);
	return -1;
    }

    if (startlen == 0)
	return protocol_client_auth_sasl_start(vs, NULL, 0);

    vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_start, startlen);
    return 0;
}

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_mechname(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
    char *mechname = malloc(len + 1);
    if (!mechname) {
	VNC_DEBUG("Out of memory reading mechname\n");
	vnc_client_error(vs);
    }
    strncpy(mechname, (char*)data, len);
    mechname[len] = '\0';
    VNC_DEBUG("Got client mechname '%s' check against '%s'\n",
	      mechname, vs->sasl.mechlist);

    if (strncmp(vs->sasl.mechlist, mechname, len) == 0) {
	if (vs->sasl.mechlist[len] != '\0' &&
	    vs->sasl.mechlist[len] != ',') {
	    VNC_DEBUG("One %d", vs->sasl.mechlist[len]);
	    vnc_client_error(vs);
	    return -1;
	}
    } else {
	char *offset = strstr(vs->sasl.mechlist, mechname);
	VNC_DEBUG("Two %p\n", offset);
	if (!offset) {
	    vnc_client_error(vs);
	    return -1;
	}
	VNC_DEBUG("Two '%s'\n", offset);
	if (offset[-1] != ',' ||
	    (offset[len] != '\0'&&
	     offset[len] != ',')) {
	    vnc_client_error(vs);
	    return -1;
	}
    }

    free(vs->sasl.mechlist);
    vs->sasl.mechlist = mechname;

    VNC_DEBUG("Validated mechname '%s'\n", mechname);
    vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_start_len, 4);
    return 0;
}

static int protocol_client_auth_sasl_mechname_len(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
    uint32_t mechlen = read_u32(data, 0);
    VNC_DEBUG("Got client mechname len %d\n", mechlen);
    if (mechlen > 100) {
	VNC_DEBUG("Too long SASL mechname data %d\n", mechlen);
	vnc_client_error(vs);
	return -1;
    }
    if (mechlen < 1) {
	VNC_DEBUG("Too short SASL mechname %d\n", mechlen);
	vnc_client_error(vs);
	return -1;
    }
    vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_mechname,mechlen);
    return 0;
}

#define USES_X509_AUTH(vs)			      \
    ((vs)->subauth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509NONE ||   \
     (vs)->subauth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509VNC ||    \
     (vs)->subauth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509PLAIN ||  \
     (vs)->subauth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509SASL)


void start_auth_sasl(VncState *vs)
{
    const char *mechlist = NULL;
    sasl_security_properties_t secprops;
    int err;
    char *localAddr, *remoteAddr;
    int mechlistlen;

    VNC_DEBUG("Initialize SASL auth %d\n", vs->csock);

    /* Get local & remote client addresses in form  IPADDR;PORT */
    if (!(localAddr = vnc_socket_local_addr("%s;%s", vs->csock)))
	goto authabort;

    if (!(remoteAddr = vnc_socket_remote_addr("%s;%s", vs->csock))) {
	free(localAddr);
	goto authabort;
    }

    err = sasl_server_new("vnc",
			  NULL, /* FQDN - just delegates to gethostname */
			  NULL, /* User realm */
			  localAddr,
			  remoteAddr,
			  NULL, /* Callbacks, not needed */
			  SASL_SUCCESS_DATA,
			  &vs->sasl.conn);
    free(localAddr);
    free(remoteAddr);
    localAddr = remoteAddr = NULL;

    if (err != SASL_OK) {
	VNC_DEBUG("sasl context setup failed %d (%s)",
		  err, sasl_errstring(err, NULL, NULL));
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }

#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
    /* Inform SASL that we've got an external SSF layer from TLS/x509 */
    if (vs->vd->auth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT &&
	vs->vd->subauth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509SASL) {
	gnutls_cipher_algorithm_t cipher;
	sasl_ssf_t ssf;

	cipher = gnutls_cipher_get(vs->tls.session);
	if (!(ssf = (sasl_ssf_t)gnutls_cipher_get_key_size(cipher))) {
	    VNC_DEBUG("%s", "cannot TLS get cipher size\n");
	    sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	    vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	    goto authabort;
	}
	ssf *= 8; /* tls key size is bytes, sasl wants bits */

	err = sasl_setprop(vs->sasl.conn, SASL_SSF_EXTERNAL, &ssf);
	if (err != SASL_OK) {
	    VNC_DEBUG("cannot set SASL external SSF %d (%s)\n",
		      err, sasl_errstring(err, NULL, NULL));
	    sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	    vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	    goto authabort;
	}
    } else
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
	vs->sasl.wantSSF = 1;

    memset (&secprops, 0, sizeof secprops);
    /* Inform SASL that we've got an external SSF layer from TLS */
    if (strncmp(vs->vd->display, "unix:", 5) == 0
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
	/* Disable SSF, if using TLS+x509+SASL only. TLS without x509
	   is not sufficiently strong */
	|| (vs->vd->auth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT &&
	    vs->vd->subauth == VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509SASL)
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
	) {
	/* If we've got TLS or UNIX domain sock, we don't care about SSF */
	secprops.min_ssf = 0;
	secprops.max_ssf = 0;
	secprops.maxbufsize = 8192;
	secprops.security_flags = 0;
    } else {
	/* Plain TCP, better get an SSF layer */
	secprops.min_ssf = 56; /* Good enough to require kerberos */
	secprops.max_ssf = 100000; /* Arbitrary big number */
	secprops.maxbufsize = 8192;
	/* Forbid any anonymous or trivially crackable auth */
	secprops.security_flags =
	    SASL_SEC_NOANONYMOUS | SASL_SEC_NOPLAINTEXT;
    }

    err = sasl_setprop(vs->sasl.conn, SASL_SEC_PROPS, &secprops);
    if (err != SASL_OK) {
	VNC_DEBUG("cannot set SASL security props %d (%s)\n",
		  err, sasl_errstring(err, NULL, NULL));
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }

    err = sasl_listmech(vs->sasl.conn,
			NULL, /* Don't need to set user */
			"", /* Prefix */
			",", /* Separator */
			"", /* Suffix */
			&mechlist,
			NULL,
			NULL);
    if (err != SASL_OK) {
	VNC_DEBUG("cannot list SASL mechanisms %d (%s)\n",
		  err, sasl_errdetail(vs->sasl.conn));
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }
    VNC_DEBUG("Available mechanisms for client: '%s'\n", mechlist);

    if (!(vs->sasl.mechlist = strdup(mechlist))) {
	VNC_DEBUG("Out of memory");
	sasl_dispose(&vs->sasl.conn);
	vs->sasl.conn = NULL;
	goto authabort;
    }
    mechlistlen = strlen(mechlist);
    vnc_write_u32(vs, mechlistlen);
    vnc_write(vs, mechlist, mechlistlen);
    vnc_flush(vs);

    VNC_DEBUG("Wait for client mechname length\n");
    vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_sasl_mechname_len, 4);

    return;

 authabort:
    vnc_client_error(vs);
    return;
}