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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.48 2008/05/02 08:04:23 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.65 2014/01/23 19:32:49 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>9.1</version> 11<version>22</version>
12<date>2008-05-02</date> 12<date>2014-01-23</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
65self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 65self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
66During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 66During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
67are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 67are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
68</p> 68</p>
69 69
70<p>
71All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
72partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
73</p>
74
70<!-- 75<!--
71<p> 76<impo>
72All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
73partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
74two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
75as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
76latest version of the available packages.
77</p>
78
79<p>
80If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 77If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
81the installation instructions described in the <uri 78the installation instructions described in the <uri
82link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>. 79link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
83</p> 80</impo>
84 81
85<p> 82<p>
86The two Installation CDs we currently provide are: 83The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
87</p> 84</p>
88 85
106--> 103-->
107 104
108</body> 105</body>
109</subsection> 106</subsection>
110<subsection> 107<subsection>
111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 108<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
112<body> 109<body>
113 110
114<p> 111<p>
115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and 112The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
116takes up only 47 MB of diskspace. You must use this Installation CD to install 113takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
117Gentoo, and you need a working Internet connection. 114Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
115connection.
118</p> 116</p>
119<!-- 117<!--
120<table> 118<table>
121<tr> 119<tr>
122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 120 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
143 141
144<p> 142<p>
145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2008.0.iso</c> 143The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2008.0.iso</c>
146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install 144and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet 145Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
148connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one 146connection.
149you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
150</p> 147</p>
151 148
152<table> 149<table>
153<tr> 150<tr>
154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th> 151 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
179<p> 176<p>
180You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an 177You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
181Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a 178Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
182networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP 179networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
183set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications 180set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
184(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless 181(such as LibreOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
185Gentoo installation. 182Gentoo installation.
186</p> 183</p>
187 184
188<p> 185<p>
189If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software, 186If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
201to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual. 198to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
202Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three 199Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
203stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the 200stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
204official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in 201official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
205performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read 202performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
206the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo 203the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ/#How_do_I_Install_Gentoo_Using_a_Stage1_or_Stage2_Tarball.3F">How
207Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri> 204do I Install Gentoo Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
205</p>
206
207<p>
208Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
209id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
210link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
211on the LiveCD.
208</p> 212</p>
209 213
210</body> 214</body>
211</subsection> 215</subsection>
212</section> 216</section>
222downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 226downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
223the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them? 227the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
224</p> 228</p>
225 229
226<p> 230<p>
227You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD 231You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
228as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 232link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
229Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval 233the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
230id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
231</p> 234</p>
232 235
233<p> 236<p>
234Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you 237Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
235can write on a CD-R. 238can write on a CD-R.
236</p> 239</p>
237 240
238<p> 241<p>
239In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check 242In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
240its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 243its SHA-2 checksum and compare it with the SHA-2 checksum we provide (such as
241<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 244<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the SHA-2 checksum
242with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 245with the <c>sha512sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
243link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 246link="http://www.sinf.gr/en/hashcalc.html">Checksums calculator</uri> for Windows.
247</p>
248
249<note>
250The tool will attempt to verify the checksums in the list, even if the checksum
251is made with a different algorithm. Therefore, the output of the command might
252give both success (for SHA checksums) and failures (for other checksums). At
253least one OK needs to be provided for each file.
254</note>
255
256<pre caption="Verifying the SHA-2 checksum">
257$ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS&gt;</i>
244</p> 258</pre>
259
260<note>
261If you get the message that no properly formatted SHA checksum was found, take a
262look at the DIGESTS file yourself to see what the supported checksums are.
263</note>
245 264
246<p> 265<p>
247Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 266Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
248verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 267verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
249<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 268<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
269key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
270engineering project site</uri>.
250</p> 271</p>
251 272
252<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 273<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
274<comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
253$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i> 275$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
254</pre> 276</pre>
255 277
256<p> 278<p>
257Now verify the signature: 279Now verify the signature:
258</p> 280</p>
259 281
260<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 282<pre caption="Verify the files">
261$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 283$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
284$ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
262</pre> 285</pre>
263 286
264<p> 287<p>
265To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 288To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
266do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 289do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
267<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri 290<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
268link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 291link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_burn_an_ISO_file.3F">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
269</p> 292</p>
270 293
271<ul> 294<ul>
272 <li> 295 <li>
273 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 296 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 &lt;downloaded iso
274 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 297 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/sr0</path> with your CD-RW drive's
275 device path). 298 device path).
276 </li> 299 </li>
277 <li> 300 <li>
278 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate 301 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
279 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>. 302 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
309are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 332are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
310will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 333will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
311</p> 334</p>
312 335
313<p> 336<p>
314Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the 337Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
315system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you 338system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
316will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, 339will have to use <c>MILO</c>.
317use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
318link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
319</p> 340</p>
320 341
321<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 342<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
322<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 343<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
323&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 344&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
324dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 345dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
325<comment>(...)</comment> 346<comment>(...)</comment>
326<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 347<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
327&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 348&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
328<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment> 349<comment>(This flag will use serial port ttyS0 as the default console)</comment>
329&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i> 350&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i>
330</pre> 351</pre>
331 352
332<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 353<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
333<comment>(Substitute sdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 354<comment>(Substitute sdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
334MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 355MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot</i>
335<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment> 356<comment>(Using serial port ttyS0 as the default console)</comment>
336MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i> 357MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
337</pre> 358</pre>
338 359
339<p> 360<p>
340You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 361You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
341to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 362to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you

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