/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.50 Revision 1.66
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.50 2009/01/26 07:51:05 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.66 2014/04/12 12:25:48 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>9.3</version> 11<version>23</version>
12<date>2009-01-25</date> 12<date>2014-04-12</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
55</section> 55</section>
56 56
57<section> 57<section>
58<title>The Gentoo Installation CD</title> 58<title>The Gentoo Installation CD</title>
59<subsection> 59<subsection>
60<title>Introduction</title> 60<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
61<body> 61<body>
62 62
63<p> 63<p>
64The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 64The <e>Minimal Installation CD</e> is a bootable CD which contains a
65self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 65self-sustained Gentoo environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD.
66During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 66During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
67are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 67are loaded. The CD is maintained by Gentoo developers and allows you to install
68</p> 68Gentoo with an active Internet connection.
69
70<!--
71<p> 69</p>
72All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
73partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
74two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
75as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
76latest version of the available packages.
77</p>
78
79<p>
80If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
81the installation instructions described in the <uri
82link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
83</p>
84
85<p>
86The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
87</p>
88
89<ul>
90 <li>
91 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
92 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
93 with the Gentoo installation.
94 </li>
95 <li>
96 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
97 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3
98 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
99 </li>
100</ul>
101
102<p>
103To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
104major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
105</p>
106-->
107
108</body>
109</subsection>
110<subsection>
111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
112<body>
113 70
114<p> 71<p>
115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and 72The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
116takes up only 47 MB of diskspace. You must use this Installation CD to install 73takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace.
117Gentoo, and you need a working Internet connection.
118</p>
119<!--
120<table>
121<tr>
122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>-</th>
131 <ti>
132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
134 </ti>
135</tr>
136</table>
137
138</body>
139</subsection>
140<subsection>
141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
142<body>
143
144<p> 74</p>
145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2008.0.iso</c>
146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
148connection.
149</p>
150 75
151<table>
152<tr>
153 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
154 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
155</tr>
156<tr>
157 <ti>+</ti>
158 <ti>
159 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
160 connection.
161 </ti>
162</tr>
163<tr>
164 <ti>-</ti>
165 <ti>
166 Huge download
167 </ti>
168</tr>
169</table>
170
171</body>
172</subsection>
173
174<subsection>
175<title>Other CDs</title>
176<body>
177
178<p>
179You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
180Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
181networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
182set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
183(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
184Gentoo installation.
185</p>
186
187<p>
188If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
189make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
190</p>
191-->
192</body> 76</body>
193</subsection> 77</subsection>
194<subsection> 78<subsection>
195<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title> 79<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
196<body> 80<body>
200to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual. 84to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
201Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three 85Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
202stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the 86stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
203official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in 87official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
204performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read 88performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
205the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo 89the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ/#How_do_I_Install_Gentoo_Using_a_Stage1_or_Stage2_Tarball.3F">How
206Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri> 90do I Install Gentoo Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
91</p>
92
93<p>
94Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
95id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
96link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
97on the LiveCD.
207</p> 98</p>
208 99
209</body> 100</body>
210</subsection> 101</subsection>
211</section> 102</section>
212<!-- STOP --> 103<!-- STOP -->
213<section> 104<section>
214<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title> 105<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
215<subsection> 106<subsection>
216<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title> 107<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CD</title>
217<body> 108<body>
218 109
219<p> 110<p>
220You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by 111You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
221downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 112downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
222the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them? 113the Installation CD, but where can you find it?
223</p>
224
225<p> 114</p>
226You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD 115
227as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
228Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval
229id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
230</p> 116<p>
231 117You can download the Installation CD from one of our <uri
118link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CD is located in
119the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
232<p> 120</p>
121
122<p>
233Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you 123Inside that directory you'll find the ISO file. This is a full CD image which you
234can write on a CD-R. 124can write on a CD-R.
235</p> 125</p>
236 126
237<p> 127<p>
238In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check 128In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
239its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 129its SHA-2 checksum and compare it with the SHA-2 checksum we provide (such as
240<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 130<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the SHA-2 checksum
241with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 131with the <c>sha512sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
242link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 132link="http://www.sinf.gr/en/hashcalc.html">Checksums calculator</uri> for Windows.
133</p>
134
135<note>
136The tool will attempt to verify the checksums in the list, even if the checksum
137is made with a different algorithm. Therefore, the output of the command might
138give both success (for SHA checksums) and failures (for other checksums). At
139least one OK needs to be provided for each file.
140</note>
141
142<pre caption="Verifying the SHA-2 checksum">
143$ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS&gt;</i>
243</p> 144</pre>
145
146<note>
147If you get the message that no properly formatted SHA checksum was found, take a
148look at the DIGESTS file yourself to see what the supported checksums are.
149</note>
244 150
245<p> 151<p>
246Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 152Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
247verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 153verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
248<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 154<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
155key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
156engineering project site</uri>.
249</p> 157</p>
250 158
251<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 159<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
160<comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
252$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i> 161$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
253</pre> 162</pre>
254 163
255<p> 164<p>
256Now verify the signature: 165Now verify the signature:
257</p> 166</p>
258 167
259<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 168<pre caption="Verify the files">
260$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 169$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
170$ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
261</pre> 171</pre>
262 172
263<p> 173<p>
264To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 174To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
265do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 175do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
266<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri 176<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
267link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 177link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_burn_an_ISO_file.3F">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
268</p> 178</p>
269 179
270<ul> 180<ul>
271 <li> 181 <li>
272 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 182 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 &lt;downloaded iso
273 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 183 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/sr0</path> with your CD-RW drive's
274 device path). 184 device path).
275 </li> 185 </li>
276 <li> 186 <li>
277 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate 187 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
278 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>. 188 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
320&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 230&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
321dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 231dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
322<comment>(...)</comment> 232<comment>(...)</comment>
323<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 233<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
324&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 234&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
325<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment> 235<comment>(This flag will use serial port ttyS0 as the default console)</comment>
326&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i> 236&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i>
327</pre> 237</pre>
328 238
329<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 239<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
330<comment>(Substitute sdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 240<comment>(Substitute sdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
331MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 241MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot</i>
332<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment> 242<comment>(Using serial port ttyS0 as the default console)</comment>
333MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i> 243MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
334</pre> 244</pre>
335 245
336<p> 246<p>
337You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 247You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
338to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 248to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you

Legend:
Removed from v.1.50  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.66

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20