/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.104 2011/08/03 08:17:07 jkt Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.105 2011/08/12 18:45:20 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>11</version> 17<version>12</version>
18<date>2011-08-03</date> 18<date>2011-08-12</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
24<body> 24<body>
25 25
26<p> 26<p>
27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mount points of those partitions 28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mount points of those partitions
29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
30and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount 30and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
31them or not, etc.) 31them or not, etc.)
32</p> 32</p>
33 33
453As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 453As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
454configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and 454configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
455define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm). 455define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
456</p> 456</p>
457 457
458<p> 458<p>
459Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration. 459Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
460Edit it to configure your keyboard. 460Edit it to configure your keyboard.
461</p> 461</p>
462 462
463<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps"> 463<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
464# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i> 464# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
465</pre> 465</pre>
466 466
467<p> 467<p>
468Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong 468Take special care with the <c>keymap</c> variable. If you select the wrong
469<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard. 469<c>keymap</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
470</p> 470</p>
471 471
472<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 472<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
473PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. 473PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.
474</note> 474</note>
475 475
476<p> 476<p>
477When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and 477When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
478exit. 478exit.
479</p> 479</p>
480 480
481<p> 481<p>
482Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it 482Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
483according to your needs. 483according to your needs.
484</p> 484</p>
485 485
486<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock"> 486<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock">
487# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i> 487# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i>
488</pre> 488</pre>
489 489
490<p> 490<p>
491If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 491If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
492to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 492to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
493</p> 493</p>
494 494
495<p> 495<p>
496You should define the timezone that you previously copied to 496You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
497<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the 497<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the
498<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path> 498<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path>
499automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add 499automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add
500<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c> 500<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c>
501</p> 501</p>
502 502

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