/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.105 2011/08/12 18:45:20 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.110 2012/03/28 22:39:04 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>12</version> 17<version>17</version>
18<date>2011-08-12</date> 18<date>2012-03-28</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>" 242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
243</pre> 243</pre>
244 244
245<note> 245<note>
246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples 246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
247provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge 247provided in <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> which
248can be read using <c>bzless</c>. Also, you may want to emerge <c>openresolv</c>
248<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup. 249to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
249</note> 250</note>
250 251
251</body> 252</body>
252</subsection> 253</subsection>
253<subsection> 254<subsection>
270<p> 271<p>
271All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 272All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
272a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 273a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
273networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully 274networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
274commented example that covers many different configurations is available in 275commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
275<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. 276<path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path>.
276</p> 277</p>
277 278
278<p> 279<p>
279DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP 280DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
280client. This is described later in <uri 281client. This is described later in <uri
298</p> 299</p>
299 300
300<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net"> 301<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
301# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.* 302# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
302# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration, 303# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
303# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration 304# please review /usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2 and save
304# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!). 305# your configuration in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
305</pre> 306</pre>
306 307
307<p> 308<p>
308To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 309To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
309to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 310to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
321<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0"> 322<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
322config_eth0="dhcp" 323config_eth0="dhcp"
323</pre> 324</pre>
324 325
325<p> 326<p>
326Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available 327Please read <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> for a
327options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if you need to set 328list of all available options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if
328specific DHCP options. 329you need to set specific DHCP options.
329</p> 330</p>
330 331
331<p> 332<p>
332If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 333If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
333<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 334<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
435<subsection> 436<subsection>
436<title>System Information</title> 437<title>System Information</title>
437<body> 438<body>
438 439
439<p> 440<p>
440Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 441Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and <path>/etc/conf.d/rc</path> to
441Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 442configure the services, startup, and shutdown of your system. Open up
443<path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and <path>/etc/conf.d/rc</path> and enjoy all the
444comments in those files.
442</p> 445</p>
443 446
444<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 447<pre caption="Configuring services">
445# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 448# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
449# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/rc</i>
446</pre> 450</pre>
447 451
448<p>
449When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
450</p> 452<p>
451 453When you're finished configuring these two files, save them and exit.
452<p>
453As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
454configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
455define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
456</p> 454</p>
457 455
458<p> 456<p>
459Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration. 457Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
460Edit it to configure your keyboard. 458Edit it to configure your keyboard.
486<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock"> 484<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock">
487# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i> 485# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i>
488</pre> 486</pre>
489 487
490<p> 488<p>
491If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 489If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>clock="local"</c>
492to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 490to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
493</p> 491</p>
494 492
495<p> 493<p>
494When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and
495exit.
496</p>
497
498<p>
496You should define the timezone that you previously copied to 499You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
497<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the 500<path>/etc/localtime</path> in the <path>/etc/timezone</path> file so that
498<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path> 501further upgrades of the <c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update
499automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add 502<path>/etc/localtime</path> automatically. For instance, if you used the
500<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c> 503Europe/Brussels timezone, you would write <c>Europe/Brussels</c> in the
501</p> 504<path>/etc/timezone</path> file.
502
503<p>
504When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
505exit.
506</p> 505</p>
507 506
508<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 507<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
509Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System 508Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
510Tools</uri>. 509Tools</uri>.

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