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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
1<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
2<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
3 6
4<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.14 2003/12/20 20:32:02 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.22 2004/02/07 18:24:26 swift Exp $ -->
5 8
6<sections> 9<sections>
7<section>
8<title>Timezone</title>
9<body>
10
11<p>
12You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is
13located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a
14symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>:
15</p>
16
17<pre caption="Setting the timezone information">
18# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i>
19<comment>(Suppose you want to use GMT:)</comment>
20# <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
21</pre>
22
23</body>
24</section>
25<section> 10<section>
26<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
27<subsection> 12<subsection>
28<title>What is fstab?</title> 13<title>What is fstab?</title>
29<body> 14<body>
41<subsection> 26<subsection>
42<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 27<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
43<body> 28<body>
44 29
45<p> 30<p>
46<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 31<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
47fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 32fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
48its own meaning: 33its own meaning:
49</p> 34</p>
50 35
51<ul> 36<ul>
69<li> 54<li>
70 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 55 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
71 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 56 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
72</li> 57</li>
73<li> 58<li>
74 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
75 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
76 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
77 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary).
78</li> 63</li>
79</ul> 64</ul>
80 65
81<p> 66<p>
82So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
86<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
87# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
88</pre> 73</pre>
89 74
90<p> 75<p>
91Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
92partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
93<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim.
94</p> 79</p>
95 80
96<p> 81<p>
257iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>" 242iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
258</pre> 243</pre>
259 244
260<p> 245<p>
261If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 246If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
247to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
262to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 248If you need to setup your network manually and you're
263not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 249not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
264link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 250link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network
265Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 251Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
266</p> 252</p>
267 253
268<p> 254<p>
269So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 255So let us give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP
270(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 256(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway
271192.168.0.1: 257192.168.0.1:
272</p> 258</p>
273 259
274<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 260<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
337# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 323# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
338</pre> 324</pre>
339 325
340<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 326<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
341127.0.0.1 localhost 327127.0.0.1 localhost
342192.168.0.5 jenny 328192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
343192.168.0.6 benny 329192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
344192.168.0.7 tux 330192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
345</pre> 331</pre>
346 332
347<p> 333<p>
348If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 334If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
349resolution) a single line is sufficient: 335resolution) a single line is sufficient:
357Save and exit the editor to continue. 343Save and exit the editor to continue.
358</p> 344</p>
359 345
360<p> 346<p>
361If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 347If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
362link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 348link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
363following topic on PCMCIA. 349following topic on PCMCIA.
364</p> 350</p>
365 351
366</body> 352</body>
367</subsection> 353</subsection>
376<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 362<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
377# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 363# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i>
378</pre> 364</pre>
379 365
380<p> 366<p>
381When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e> 367When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
382runlevel: 368runlevel:
383</p> 369</p>
384 370
385<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the boot runlevel"> 371<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
386# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i> 372# <i>rc-update add pcmcia default</i>
387</pre> 373</pre>
388 374
389</body> 375</body>
390</subsection> 376</subsection>
391</section> 377</section>
402# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 388# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
403</pre> 389</pre>
404 390
405<p> 391<p>
406As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 392As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
407configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 393configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if
408<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 394you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on
395your keyboard.
396</p>
397
398<note>
399Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386
400keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
401</note>
402
403<p>
404When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
405continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
409</p> 406</p>
410 407
411</body> 408</body>
412</section> 409</section>
413</sections> 410</sections>

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