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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ia64-disk.xml,v 1.9 2010/07/20 05:14:55 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ia64-disk.xml,v 1.14 2012/10/06 19:54:14 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>5.0</version> 11<version>9</version>
12<date>2010-07-19</date> 12<date>2012-10-06</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Introduction to Block Devices</title> 15<title>Introduction to Block Devices</title>
16 16
17<subsection> 17<subsection>
43<subsection> 43<subsection>
44<title>Advanced Storage</title> 44<title>Advanced Storage</title>
45<body> 45<body>
46 46
47<p> 47<p>
48The <keyval id="arch"/> Installation CDs provide support for EVMS and LVM2. 48The <keyval id="arch"/> Installation CDs provide support for LVM2.
49EVMS and LVM2 increase the flexibility offered by your partitioning setup. 49LVM2 increases the flexibility offered by your partitioning setup.
50During the installation instructions, we will focus on "regular" partitions, 50During the installation instructions, we will focus on "regular" partitions,
51but it is still good to know EVMS and LVM2 are supported as well. 51but it is still good to know LVM2 is supported as well.
52</p> 52</p>
53 53
54</body> 54</body>
55</subsection> 55</subsection>
56</section> 56</section>
142 nosuid (setuid bits are ignored), noexec (executable bits are ignored) etc. 142 nosuid (setuid bits are ignored), noexec (executable bits are ignored) etc.
143</li> 143</li>
144</ul> 144</ul>
145 145
146<p> 146<p>
147However, multiple partitions have one big disadvantage: if not configured 147However, multiple partitions have disadvantages as well. If not configured
148properly, you might result in having a system with lots of free space on one 148properly, you will have a system with lots of free space on one partition and
149partition and none on another. There is also a 15-partition limit for SCSI and 149none on another. Another nuisance is that separate partitions - especially
150SATA. 150for important mountpoints like <path>/usr</path> or <path>/var</path> - often
151require the administrator to boot with an initramfs to mount the partition
152before other boot scripts start. This isn't always the case though, so your
153results may vary.
154</p>
155
156<p>
157There is also a 15-partition limit for SCSI and SATA, unless you use GPT
158labels.
151</p> 159</p>
152 160
153<p> 161<p>
154As an example partitioning, we show you one for a 20GB disk, used as a 162As an example partitioning, we show you one for a 20GB disk, used as a
155demonstration laptop (containing webserver, mailserver, gnome, ...): 163demonstration laptop (containing webserver, mailserver, gnome, ...):
173all software is installed, <path>/usr</path> doesn't tend to grow that much. 181all software is installed, <path>/usr</path> doesn't tend to grow that much.
174Although allocating a few gigabytes of disk space for <path>/var</path> may 182Although allocating a few gigabytes of disk space for <path>/var</path> may
175seem excessive, remember that Portage uses this partition by default for 183seem excessive, remember that Portage uses this partition by default for
176compiling packages. If you want to keep <path>/var</path> at a more reasonable 184compiling packages. If you want to keep <path>/var</path> at a more reasonable
177size, such as 1GB, you will need to alter your <c>PORTAGE_TMPDIR</c> variable 185size, such as 1GB, you will need to alter your <c>PORTAGE_TMPDIR</c> variable
178in <path>/etc/make.conf</path> to point to the partition with enough free space 186in <path>/etc/portage/make.conf</path> to point to the partition with enough
179for compiling extremely large packages such as OpenOffice. 187free space for compiling extremely large packages such as OpenOffice.
180</p> 188</p>
181 189
182</body> 190</body>
183</subsection> 191</subsection>
184</section> 192</section>
446 <ti>vfat</ti> 454 <ti>vfat</ti>
447 <ti><c>mkdosfs</c></ti> 455 <ti><c>mkdosfs</c></ti>
448</tr> 456</tr>
449<tr> 457<tr>
450 <ti>ext2</ti> 458 <ti>ext2</ti>
451 <ti><c>mke2fs</c></ti> 459 <ti><c>mkfs.ext2</c></ti>
452</tr> 460</tr>
453<tr> 461<tr>
454 <ti>ext3</ti> 462 <ti>ext3</ti>
455 <ti><c>mke2fs -j</c></ti> 463 <ti><c>mkfs.ext3</c></ti>
464</tr>
465<tr>
466 <ti>ext4</ti>
467 <ti><c>mkfs.ext4</c></ti>
456</tr> 468</tr>
457<tr> 469<tr>
458 <ti>reiserfs</ti> 470 <ti>reiserfs</ti>
459 <ti><c>mkreiserfs</c></ti> 471 <ti><c>mkreiserfs</c></ti>
460</tr> 472</tr>
474as ext3, you would run the following commands: 486as ext3, you would run the following commands:
475</p> 487</p>
476 488
477<pre caption="Applying a filesystem on a partition"> 489<pre caption="Applying a filesystem on a partition">
478# <i>mkdosfs /dev/sda1</i> 490# <i>mkdosfs /dev/sda1</i>
479# <i>mke2fs -j /dev/sda3</i> 491# <i>mkfs.ext3 /dev/sda3</i>
480</pre> 492</pre>
481 493
482</body> 494</body>
483</subsection> 495</subsection>
484<subsection> 496<subsection>

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