Contents of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ia64-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log

Revision 1.12 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Fri Jun 29 15:57:32 2012 UTC (5 years, 2 months ago) by swift
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.11: +7 -4 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
Fix bug #398281 - Update docs to refer to release engineering site for gpg keys

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ia64-medium.xml,v 1.11 2012/02/26 09:49:46 swift Exp $ -->
9 <sections>
11 <version>11</version>
12 <date>2012-06-29</date>
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
31 <p>
32 Pretty much every IA64 should be able to boot Gentoo. At the moment we only
33 have LiveCDs, so your machine must have a CDROM drive installed.
34 </p>
36 </body>
37 </subsection>
38 </section>
40 <section>
41 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
42 <subsection>
43 <title>Introduction</title>
44 <body>
46 <p>
47 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
48 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
49 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
50 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
51 </p>
53 <p>
54 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
55 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
56 </p>
57 <!--
58 <impo>
59 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
60 like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
61 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
62 Handbooks</uri>.
63 </impo>
65 <p>
66 The Installation CD that we currently provide for IA64:
67 </p>
69 <ul>
70 <li>
71 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
72 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
73 continue with the Gentoo installation.
74 </li>
75 </ul>
76 -->
77 </body>
78 </subsection>
79 <subsection>
80 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
81 <body>
83 <p>
84 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
85 takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
86 Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
87 connection.
88 </p>
89 <!--
90 <table>
91 <tr>
92 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
93 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
94 </tr>
95 <tr>
96 <th>+</th>
97 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
98 </tr>
99 <tr>
100 <th>-</th>
101 <ti>
102 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
103 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
104 </ti>
105 </tr>
106 </table>
107 -->
108 </body>
109 </subsection>
110 <subsection>
111 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
112 <body>
114 <p>
115 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
116 suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
117 manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
118 three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
119 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
120 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
121 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
122 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
123 </p>
125 <p>
126 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
127 id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
128 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
129 on the LiveCD.
130 </p>
132 </body>
133 </subsection>
134 </section>
135 <section>
136 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
137 <subsection>
138 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
139 <body>
141 <p>
142 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
143 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
144 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
145 </p>
147 <p>
148 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
149 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
150 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
151 </p>
153 <p>
154 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
155 can write on a CD-R.
156 </p>
158 <p>
159 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
160 its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
161 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
162 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
163 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
164 </p>
166 <p>
167 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
168 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
169 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
170 key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
171 engineering project site</uri>.
172 </p>
174 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
175 <comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
176 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
177 </pre>
179 <p>
180 Now verify the signature:
181 </p>
183 <pre caption="Verify the files">
184 <comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
185 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
186 <comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
187 $ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
188 </pre>
190 <p>
191 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
192 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
193 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
194 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
195 </p>
197 <ul>
198 <li>
199 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
200 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
201 device path).
202 </li>
203 <li>
204 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
205 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
206 </li>
207 </ul>
209 </body>
210 </subsection>
211 <subsection>
212 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
213 <body>
215 <p>
216 Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
217 Remove all CDs from your CD drives, and insert the Gentoo
218 InstallCD. Reboot your system and wait for the EFI firmware to load on
219 the console. The exact option to select will differ depending on your
220 hardware.
221 </p>
223 <p>
224 Most implementations usually present an option directly on the first
225 menu (the EFI Boot Manager). The exact wording would differ but would
226 usually be something like &quot;CD Boot&quot;, &quot;Removable Media
227 Boot&quot; or &quot;Internal Bootable DVD&quot;. Select this option.
228 </p>
230 <p>
231 If your EFI implementation does not present such an option, you can
232 boot the CD using the EFI Shell. All implementations will present an
233 option to enter the shell on the Boot Manager menu. Select this
234 option. The EFI Shell will display a list of usable block devices
235 (<c>blk<b>n</b>:</c>) and also a list of filesystems the EFI Shell
236 can actually access (<c>fs<b>n</b>:</c>).
237 </p>
239 <p>
240 In most cases the option you want will be the <c>fs0:</c> choice;
241 regardless, (provided the CD drive recognizes the CD), you should
242 see one <c>fs<b>n</b></c> entry for your CD drive (the CD drive's
243 EFI device path will contain <c>CDROM</c> in the wording). Enter
244 <c>fs<b>n</b>:</c>, replacing <b>n</b> as required and including
245 the colon, followed by the Enter key. Next just type <c>elilo</c>
246 followed by the Enter key.
247 </p>
249 <p>
250 You will now be greeted by the ELILO boot message and asked to
251 enter a kernel to boot as well as any additional options to pass
252 to the kernel command line. In most cases just hit the Enter key
253 or wait five seconds. Only one kernel is supplied on the IA64
254 InstallCD, the <c>gentoo</c> kernel.
255 </p>
257 <p>
258 Several kernel aliases are provided which add extra options to
259 the kernel command line, which you may have to use instead of
260 the default <c>gentoo</c> option depending on your hardware:
261 </p>
263 <p>
264 The <c>gentoo-serial</c> option forces a serial console on the first
265 serial port (ttyS0) at 9600bps. This may be required on some older EFI
266 implementations where the kernel can't detect what console to use. You
267 should try this option if booting the default <c>gentoo</c> kernel
268 produces no output and if you are using a serial console. If you use a
269 serial console which is not connected to the first serial port you
270 must manually select the console by typing <c>gentoo
271 console=ttyS#,9600</c> where <c>#</c> is the number of the serial
272 port.
273 </p>
275 <p>
276 The <c>gentoo-ilo</c> option forces a serial console on the <c>ttyS3</c> serial
277 port at 9600bps. This should be used if you're installing using the HP iLO
278 remote console feature.
279 </p>
281 <p>
282 The <c>gentoo-sgi</c> option forces a serial console on the <c>ttySG0</c>
283 serial port at 115200bps. This should only be needed on SGI hardware, and
284 if the console is properly selected in the default EFI settings, or if you
285 are using a video console this option should not be required.
286 </p>
288 </body>
289 <body>
291 <p>
292 You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings
293 you can (de)activate at will.
294 </p>
296 </body>
298 <body>
299 <include href="hb-install-kernelparams.xml"/>
300 </body>
302 <body>
304 <note>
305 The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
306 override any option in the exact order you specify.
307 </note>
309 <p>
310 You will then be greeted with a boot screen. If you are installing Gentoo on a
311 system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you select the layout at the prompt. If
312 no selection is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted
313 and the boot process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
314 automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
315 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. If you are using a
316 video console and have a keyboard connected you can also switch to other
317 consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started
318 on by pressing Alt-F1.
319 </p>
321 <p>
322 Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
323 </p>
325 </body>
326 </subsection>
328 <subsection>
329 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
330 </subsection>
332 </section>
333 </sections>

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20