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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.51 2005/11/29 14:48:46 jkt Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.52 2006/02/27 00:55:34 fox2mike Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.8</version> 11<version>2.9</version>
12<date>2005-11-29</date> 12<date>2006-02-27</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
69 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti> 69 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
70</tr> 70</tr>
71</table> 71</table>
72 72
73<p> 73<p>
74Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo 74Be sure to read the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>
75PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin. 75for help with some common installation related issues or if you're unsure as to
76just what's in that PowerPC machine you've got sitting on your desk right now.
76</p> 77</p>
77 78
78</body> 79</body>
79</subsection> 80</subsection>
80</section> 81</section>
102</p> 103</p>
103 104
104<p> 105<p>
105If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 106If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
106the installation instructions described in the <uri 107the installation instructions described in the <uri
107link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>. 108link="2006.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2006.0 Handbooks</uri>.
108</p> 109</p>
109 110
110<p> 111<p>
111The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are: 112The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
112</p> 113</p>
134<subsection> 135<subsection>
135<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 136<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
136<body> 137<body>
137 138
138<p> 139<p>
139The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.1.iso</c> and 140The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2006.0.iso</c> and
140takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install 141takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
141Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only. 142Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
142</p> 143</p>
143 144
144<table> 145<table>
164<subsection> 165<subsection>
165<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 166<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
166<body> 167<body>
167 168
168<p> 169<p>
169The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> 170The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2006.0.iso</c>
170and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation 171and consumes about 578 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
171CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a 172Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
172working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another 173connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
173PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :) 174you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
174</p> 175</p>
175 176
176<table> 177<table>
177<tr> 178<tr>
178 <th>Universal Installation CD</th> 179 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
245</p> 246</p>
246 247
247<p> 248<p>
248You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 249You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
249CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 250CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
250Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.1/installcd</path> 251Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2006.0/ppc32/installcd</path>
251directory. 252directory.
252</p> 253</p>
253 254
254<p> 255<p>
255Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you 256Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
257</p> 258</p>
258 259
259<p> 260<p>
260In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 261In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
261check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 262check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
262<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 263<path>install-ppc-minimal-2006.0.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
263with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or 264with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or
264<uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. If 265<uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. If
265<c>md5sum</c> is not available on Mac OS X, see the 266<c>md5sum</c> is not available on Mac OS X, see the
266<uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri> for help. 267<uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri> for help.
267</p> 268</p>
320After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome 321After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
321message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 322message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
322</p> 323</p>
323 324
324<p> 325<p>
325At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 326We provide one generic kernel, <e>ppc32</e>. This kernel is built with support
326We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
327support for multiple CPUs, but they will boot on single processor machines as 327for multiple CPUs, but it will boot on single processor machines as well.
328well.
329</p>
330
331<p> 328</p>
329
330<p>
332You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 331You can tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following table lists
333table lists some of the available boot options you can add: 332some of the available boot options you can add:
334</p> 333</p>
335 334
336<table> 335<table>
337<tr> 336<tr>
338 <th>Boot Option</th> 337 <th>Boot Option</th>
340</tr> 339</tr>
341<tr> 340<tr>
342 <ti><c>video</c></ti> 341 <ti><c>video</c></ti>
343 <ti> 342 <ti>
344 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags: 343 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
345 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c> or 344 <c>nvidiafb</c>, <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>,
346 <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and refreshrate 345 <c>aty128</c> or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution
347 you want to use. For instance <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are 346 refresh rate and color depth you want to use. For instance,
348 uncertain what to choose, <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work. 347 <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75-32</c> will select the ATI Radeon frame buffer
348 at a resolution of 1280x1024 with a refresh rate of 75Hz and a color depth of
349 32 bits. If you are uncertain what to choose, and the default doesn't work,
350 <c>video=ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
349 </ti> 351 </ti>
350</tr> 352</tr>
351<tr> 353<tr>
352 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 354 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
353 <ti> 355 <ti>
383 385
384<p> 386<p>
385On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 387On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
386<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose 388<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
387between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot 389between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
388options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd 390options you can append them to the command-line just like with Yaboot above.
389/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of 391For example: <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>.
390kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured 392The default kernel options (in case something goes wrong and you need it) are
391in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc 393preconfigured with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
392looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>. 394looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
393</p> 395</p>
394 396
395</body> 397</body>
396</subsection> 398</subsection>
397 399
400<body> 402<body>
401 403
402<p> 404<p>
403If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 405If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
404The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment 406The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
405with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without 407with a tool called BootX.
406MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
407</p> 408</p>
408 409
409<p> 410<p>
410First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> 411First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
411and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked 412and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
412archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into 413archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
413<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder. 414<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
414Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the 415Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
415<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c> 416<c>ppc32</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>ppc32.igz</c>
416from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS 417from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
417<c>System Folder</c>. 418<c>System Folder</c>.
418</p> 419</p>
419 420
420<p> 421<p>
421To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options 422To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
422dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from 423dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>ppc32.igz</c> from
423your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the 424your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
424ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as 425ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
425shown below: 426shown below:
426</p> 427</p>
427 428
428<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments"> 429<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
429cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev 430cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=image.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
430</pre> 431</pre>
431 432
432<note> 433<note>
433The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. 434The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. You
435can append any of those options to the kernel arguments above.
434</note> 436</note>
435 437
436<p> 438<p>
437Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the 439Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
438configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is 440configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
439missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the 441missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window. If everything goes
440Installation CD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When 442correctly, it should boot into the Installation CD. Continue with
441You're Booted...</uri> 443<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
442</p> 444</p>
443 445
444</body> 446</body>
445</subsection> 447</subsection>
446 448
449<body> 451<body>
450 452
451<p> 453<p>
452You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 454You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
453switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get 455switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
454back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit 456back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Due to the keyboard layout,
455Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines. 457you may need to press Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
456</p> 458</p>
457 459
458<p> 460<p>
459If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 461If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
460<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 462<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
494vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 496vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
495not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 497not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
496of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 498of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
497manually. 499manually.
498</p> 500</p>
499 501
500<p> 502<p>
501In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module 503In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
502supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not 504supports only the old Airport cards (802.11b). Airport Extreme (802.11g) is not
503supported under Linux: 505supported on the InstallCD due to restrictions on firmware distribution.
504</p> 506</p>
505 507
506<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 508<pre caption="Loading the airport module">
507# <i>modprobe airport</i> 509# <i>modprobe airport</i>
510</pre>
511
512<p>
513On older iMacs, sometimes the network card is not detected properly. These use
514the BMAC driver:
515</p>
516
517<pre caption="Loading the bmac module">
518# <i>modprobe bmac</i>
508</pre> 519</pre>
509 520
510</body> 521</body>
511</subsection> 522</subsection>
512<subsection> 523<subsection>
593go to a new terminal and log in. 604go to a new terminal and log in.
594</p> 605</p>
595 606
596<p> 607<p>
597If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 608If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
598<c>links2</c> to read it: 609<c>links</c> to read it:
599</p> 610</p>
600 611
601<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 612<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
602# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i> 613# <i>links /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
603</pre> 614</pre>
604 615
605<p> 616<p>
606However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 617However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
607more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c> 618more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links</c>
608as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e> 619as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
609chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the 620chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
610document): 621document):
611</p> 622</p>
612 623
613<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation"> 624<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
614# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-ppc.xml</i> 625# <i>links http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-ppc.xml</i>
615</pre> 626</pre>
616 627
617<p> 628<p>
618You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>. 629You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
619</p> 630</p>

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