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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml,v 1.46 2007/01/10 07:29:00 nightmorph Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml,v 1.47 2007/04/17 19:04:17 nightmorph Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/utf-8.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/utf-8.xml">
6<title>Using UTF-8 with Gentoo</title> 6<title>Using UTF-8 with Gentoo</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="slarti@gentoo.org">Thomas Martin</mail> 9 <mail link="slarti@gentoo.org">Thomas Martin</mail>
10</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Contributor"> 11<author title="Contributor">
12 <mail link="devil@gentoo.org.ua">Alexander Simonov</mail> 12 <mail link="devil@gentoo.org.ua">Alexander Simonov</mail>
13</author> 13</author>
14<author title="Editor"> 14<author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="fox2mike@gentoo.org">Shyam Mani</mail> 15 <mail link="fox2mike@gentoo.org">Shyam Mani</mail>
16</author> 16</author>
17 17
18<abstract> 18<abstract>
19This guide shows you how to set up and use the UTF-8 Unicode character set with 19This guide shows you how to set up and use the UTF-8 Unicode character set with
20your Gentoo Linux system, after explaining the benefits of Unicode and more 20your Gentoo Linux system, after explaining the benefits of Unicode and more
21specifically UTF-8. 21specifically UTF-8.
22</abstract> 22</abstract>
23 23
24<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 24<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
25<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 25<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
26<license /> 26<license />
27 27
28<version>2.24</version> 28<version>2.25</version>
29<date>2007-01-09</date> 29<date>2007-04-17</date>
30 30
31<chapter> 31<chapter>
32<title>Character Encodings</title> 32<title>Character Encodings</title>
33<section> 33<section>
34<title>What is a Character Encoding?</title> 34<title>What is a Character Encoding?</title>
35<body> 35<body>
36 36
37<p> 37<p>
38Computers do not understand text themselves. Instead, every character is 38Computers do not understand text themselves. Instead, every character is
39represented by a number. Traditionally, each set of numbers used to represent 39represented by a number. Traditionally, each set of numbers used to represent
40alphabets and characters (known as a coding system, encoding or character set) 40alphabets and characters (known as a coding system, encoding or character set)
41was limited in size due to limitations in computer hardware. 41was limited in size due to limitations in computer hardware.
42</p> 42</p>
43 43
44</body> 44</body>
587(set-terminal-coding-system 'utf-8) 587(set-terminal-coding-system 'utf-8)
588</pre> 588</pre>
589 589
590<p> 590<p>
591Nano has provided full UTF-8 support since version 1.3.6. 591Nano has provided full UTF-8 support since version 1.3.6.
592</p> 592</p>
593 593
594</body> 594</body>
595</section> 595</section>
596<section> 596<section>
597<title>Shells</title> 597<title>Shells</title>
598<body> 598<body>
599 599
600<p> 600<p>
601Currently, <c>bash</c> provides full Unicode support through the GNU readline 601Currently, <c>bash</c> provides full Unicode support through the GNU readline
602library. Z Shell users are in a somewhat worse position -- no parts of the 602library. Z Shell (<c>zsh</c>) offers Unicode support with the <c>unicode</c> USE
603shell have Unicode support, although there is a concerted effort to add 603flag.
604multibyte character set support underway at the moment.
605</p> 604</p>
606 605
607<p> 606<p>
608The C shell, <c>tcsh</c> and <c>ksh</c> do not provide UTF-8 support at all. 607The C shell, <c>tcsh</c> and <c>ksh</c> do not provide UTF-8 support at all.
609</p> 608</p>
610 609
611</body> 610</body>
612</section> 611</section>
613<section> 612<section>
614<title>Irssi</title> 613<title>Irssi</title>
615<body> 614<body>
616 615
617<p> 616<p>
618Irssi has complete UTF-8 support, although it does require a user 617Irssi has complete UTF-8 support, although it does require a user
619to set an option. 618to set an option.

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