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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.11 2007/10/03 19:58:17 nightmorph Exp $ -->
3
4<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.31 2010/07/26 01:48:40 nightmorph Exp $ -->
5 4
6<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml"> 5<guide>
7<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title> 6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title>
8 7
9<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail> 9 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
11</author> 10</author>
12 11
13<abstract> 12<abstract>
14This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight, 13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight,
15full-featured desktop environment. 14full-featured desktop environment.
17 16
18<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
19<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
20<license/> 19<license/>
21 20
22<version>1.8</version> 21<version>1.26</version>
23<date>2007-09-22</date> 22<date>2010-07-25</date>
24 23
25<chapter> 24<chapter>
26<title>Introduction</title> 25<title>Introduction</title>
27<section> 26<section>
28<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title> 27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title>
34and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri 33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri
35link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications. 34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications.
36</p> 35</p>
37 36
38<p> 37<p>
39Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as Gnome and KDE, Xfce uses far fewer 38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as <uri
40system resources. Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer 39link="http://www.gnome.org">Gnome</uri> and <uri
41dependencies; it takes up less space on your hard disk and takes less time to 40link="http://www.kde.org">KDE</uri>, Xfce uses far fewer system resources.
42install. 41Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer dependencies; it takes up
42less space on your hard disk and takes less time to install.
43</p> 43</p>
44 44
45<p> 45<p>
46This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce 46This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce
47environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in 47environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in
48keeping with the Xfce philosophy: light, fast, and modular. 48keeping with the Xfce philosophy: light, fast, and modular.
49</p> 49</p>
50 50
51<p>
52Additionally, this guide will show you how to <uri link="#upgrade">upgrade</uri>
53from version 4.2 to 4.4.
54</p>
55
56</body> 51</body>
57</section> 52</section>
58</chapter> 53</chapter>
59 54
60<chapter> 55<chapter>
62<section> 57<section>
63<title>The basics</title> 58<title>The basics</title>
64<body> 59<body>
65 60
66<p> 61<p>
67First, make sure you've setup Xorg as shown in the <uri 62First, make sure you've configured Xorg as shown in the <uri
68link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>. 63link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>.
69</p> 64</p>
70 65
71<p> 66<p>
72Before we install our fully-functional yet minimal desktop, let's take a moment 67Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll
73to review the basic packages we'll be emerging. 68probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -minimal -qt4 branding dbus
74</p> 69hal jpeg lock session startup-notification thunar X"</c>.
75
76<table>
77<tr>
78 <th>Name</th>
79 <th>Description</th>
80</tr>
81<tr>
82 <ti>xfce4</ti>
83 <ti>The base Xfce desktop environment</ti>
84</tr>
85<tr>
86 <ti>xscreensaver</ti>
87 <ti>
88 A screensaver with powersaving features and the ability to lock the screen
89 for security
90 </ti>
91</tr>
92</table>
93
94<p>
95You're free to install any other packages you wish, but for now, we'll stick
96with these suggestions for a fast, minimal working environment. Double check
97your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll probably at least want
98<c>USE="dbus -gnome hal startup-notification"</c>.
99</p> 70</p>
100 71
101<p> 72<p>
102Now, let's install Xfce. 73Now, let's install Xfce.
103</p> 74</p>
104 75
105<pre caption="Installing Xfce"> 76<pre caption="Installing Xfce">
106# <i>emerge -avt xfce4 xscreensaver</i> 77# <i>emerge -avt xfce4-meta</i>
107</pre> 78</pre>
108 79
109<p> 80<p>
110Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>, 81Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>,
111and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be 82and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be
132<pre caption="Starting hald"> 103<pre caption="Starting hald">
133# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i> 104# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
134# <i>rc-update add hald default</i> 105# <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
135</pre> 106</pre>
136 107
108<p>
109You'll also need a graphical terminal so that you can continue working with your
110new desktop environment. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is a good choice, as it's
111made specifically for Xfce. Install Terminal as shown:
112</p>
113
114<pre caption="Installing Terminal">
115# <i>emerge x11-terms/terminal</i>
116</pre>
117
137</body> 118</body>
138</section> 119</section>
139</chapter> 120</chapter>
140 121
141<chapter> 122<chapter>
151</p> 132</p>
152 133
153<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment"> 134<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment">
154$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i> 135$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i>
155</pre> 136</pre>
137
138<note>
139If you have ConsoleKit installed, your <path>~/.xinitrc</path> should instead
140contain <c>exec ck-launch-session startxfce4</c>. Otherwise, some of your
141applications may stop working. You'll also need to add consolekit to the
142default runlevel by running the following command as root: <c>rc-update add
143consolekit default</c>.
144</note>
156 145
157<p> 146<p>
158Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>: 147Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>:
159</p> 148</p>
160 149
239in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel. 228in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel.
240</p> 229</p>
241 230
242<ul> 231<ul>
243 <li> 232 <li>
244 <c>xfce4-mount</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices listed in
245 <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
246 </li>
247 <li>
248 <c>xfce4-battery</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery 233 <c>xfce4-battery-plugin</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery
249 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status, 234 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status,
250 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power 235 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power
251 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when 236 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when
252 the battery is almost exhausted. 237 the battery is almost exhausted.
253 </li> 238 </li>
254 <li> 239 <li>
255 <c>verve</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel. It's quicker 240 <c>xfce4-verve-plugin</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel.
256 than opening up another terminal when you want to run a command. 241 It's quicker than opening up another terminal when you want to run a
257 </li> 242 command.
258 <li> 243 </li>
259 <c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control. It works with both ALSA and OSS 244 <li>
260 sound applications. 245 <c>xfce4-mount-plugin</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices
246 listed in <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
247 </li>
248 <li>
249 <c>xfce4-sensors-plugin</c> lets you monitor your hardware sensors, such as
250 CPU temperature, fan RPM, hard drive temp, motherboard voltage, and more
261 </li> 251 </li>
262</ul> 252</ul>
263 253
264<p> 254<p>
265If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for 255If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for
266Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by 256Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by
267first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet</c>, you can install and run any applet made 257first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet-plugin</c>, you can install and run any applet
268for Gnome. 258made for Gnome.
269</p> 259</p>
270 260
271</body> 261</body>
272</section> 262</section>
273<section> 263<section>
274<title>Useful programs</title> 264<title>Useful programs</title>
275<body> 265<body>
276 266
277<p> 267<p>
278Xfce bundles a few useful applications, including <c>thunar</c>, 268We should now <c>emerge</c> some useful applications and utilities:
279<c>terminal</c>, <c>orage</c>, and <c>mousepad</c>. Note that the last three 269<c>xfce4-mixer</c>, <c>xfprint</c>, <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c>,
280will not be installed if you built <c>xfce4</c> with the <c>minimal</c> USE 270<c>xfwm4-themes</c>, <c>orage</c>, <c>mousepad</c>, <c>x11-terms/terminal</c>,
281flag. However, these are all very small, yet terrific applications, so they're 271and <c>thunar</c>.
282well worth installing. 272</p>
273
274<p>
275<c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control for your sound card. It can also be run
276as a panel applet, giving you fast access to playback volume. <c>xfprint</c>
277provides easy printer management and job control; it's a must if you intend to
278do any printing from your desktop. <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c> displays a list of
279all running programs, and the CPU and memory consumption each one takes up. By
280right-clicking an item, you can kill a misbehaving application, pause and
281restart it, or even alter its runtime priority, which lets you fine-tune how
282much of a demand it puts on your system's resources.
283</p>
284
285<p>
286<c>xfwm4-themes</c> adds several window manager themes. You may want to add a
287more full-coverage icon theme such as <c>tango-icon-theme</c> just to round out
288your desktop.
283</p> 289</p>
284 290
285<p> 291<p>
286<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text 292<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text
287editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>terminal</c> is far more 293editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is an X11
288configurable and useful than xterm, and supports Unicode text, 294terminal emulator, far more configurable and useful than the barebones
295<c>xterm</c>. <c>terminal</c> supports Unicode text, color schemes,
289pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in 296pseudo-transparency and hardware-accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in
290compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the 297compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the
291terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of 298terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of
292xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command. 299<path>xterm</path>. Right-click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change
293</p> 300the command.
294
295<p> 301</p>
302
303<p>
296<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's built-in graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite 304<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's default graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite
297powerful, can support a few plugins for even more functionality; just install 305powerful, can support several plugins for even more functionality; just install
298them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look: 306them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look:
299</p> 307</p>
300 308
301<ul> 309<ul>
302 <li> 310 <li>
303 <c>thunar-archive</c> lets you create and extract archive files using the 311 <c>thunar-archive-plugin</c> lets you create and extract archive files using
304 right-click menu. It works even better when paired with the new graphical 312 the right-click menu. It provides a handy <uri
305 archiving <uri
306 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin/">tool</uri> 313 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin">front-end</uri>
307 developed for Xfce, <c>xarchiver</c>. 314 for graphical archiving applications such as <c>xarchiver</c>,
308 </li> 315 <c>squeeze</c>, and <c>file-roller</c>.
309 <li> 316 </li>
317 <li>
310 <c>thunar-media-tags</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media files 318 <c>thunar-media-tags-plugin</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media
311 at once, and lets you <uri 319 files at once, and lets you <uri
312 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri> 320 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri>
313 their information tags, such as id3 tags. 321 their information tags, such as id3 and ogg tags.
314 </li> 322 </li>
315 <li> 323 <li>
316 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri 324 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri
317 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri> 325 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri>
318 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts. 326 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts.
328Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications, 336Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications,
329in keeping with Xfce's philosophy. 337in keeping with Xfce's philosophy.
330</p> 338</p>
331 339
332<p> 340<p>
333Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough, if you need a full-featured word 341Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough as a basic text editor, if you need a
334processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try emerging <c>abiword</c>. 342full-featured word processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try
335<uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is lighter, faster, and is 343emerging <c>abiword</c>. <uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is
336completely interoperable with industry-standard document types. 344lighter, faster, and is completely interoperable with industry-standard document
337</p> 345types. It can also be further extended with <c>abiword-plugins</c>.
338
339<pre caption="Adding a word processor">
340# <i>emerge -avt abiword</i>
341</pre> 346</p>
342 347
343<p> 348<p>
344Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as 349Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as
345<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>. 350<c>thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>.
346</p> 351</p>
347 352
348<p> 353<p>
349For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly 354For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly
350configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact 355configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact
352<c>emerge pidgin</c>. 357<c>emerge pidgin</c>.
353</p> 358</p>
354 359
355<p> 360<p>
356If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and 361If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and
362<uri link="/proj/en/desktop/sound/decibel.xml">decibel-audio-player</uri>. They
357<c>audacious</c>. They can play most every media format available quite nicely, 363can play most every media format available quite nicely.
358and have a wealth of additional plugins available for additional functionality.
359</p> 364</p>
360 365
361<p> 366<p>
362Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more 367Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more
363resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, 368resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, <c>firefox</c>
364<c>mozilla-firefox</c> (or <c>mozilla-firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. 369(or <c>firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. Alternatively, you may find
365Alternatively, you may find <c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> 370<c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> is not available on as many
366is not available on as many processor architectures as <c>mozilla-firefox</c>, 371processor architectures as <c>firefox</c>, and it has more dependencies unless
367and it has more dependencies unless you override them with a USE flag. 372you override them with a few USE flags.
368</p> 373</p>
369 374
370<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser"> 375<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser">
371<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment> 376<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment>
372# <i>emerge mozilla-firefox</i> 377# <i>emerge firefox</i>
373<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment> 378<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment>
374# <i>echo "www-client/opera qt-static" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i> 379# <i>echo "www-client/opera gtk -kde" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i>
375# <i>emerge opera</i> 380# <i>emerge opera</i>
376</pre> 381</pre>
377 382
378<p> 383<p>
379Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop 384Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop
403</pre> 408</pre>
404 409
405<p> 410<p>
406We aren't quite finished yet. We have to pick a display manager and set the 411We aren't quite finished yet. We have to pick a display manager and set the
407appropriate variable. Though there are a few choices available in Portage, for 412appropriate variable. Though there are a few choices available in Portage, for
408this guide, we'll stick with two display manager options: <c>xdm</c> and 413this guide, we'll stick with <uri link="http://slim.berlios.de">SLiM</uri>, the
409<c>gdm</c>. 414Simple Login Manager.
410</p>
411
412<p> 415</p>
413<c>xdm</c> is speedy and lightweight, but it isn't pretty, and isn't really 416
414customizable. If you'd like to use it, first <c>emerge</c> it:
415</p> 417<p>
418<c>slim</c> is speedy and lightweight, with minimal dependencies. Perfect for
419Xfce!
420</p>
416 421
417<pre caption="Installing XDM"> 422<pre caption="Installing SLiM">
418# <i>emerge -avt xdm</i> 423# <i>emerge -avt slim</i>
419</pre> 424</pre>
425
426<note>
427The <c>branding</c> USE flag will pull in the <c>slim-themes</c> package, which
428will give you an assortment of login themes, including a Gentoo Linux theme.
429</note>
420 430
421<p> 431<p>
422Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>: 432Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>:
423</p> 433</p>
424 434
425<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm"> 435<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
426DISPLAYMANAGER="xdm" 436DISPLAYMANAGER="slim"
427</pre> 437</pre>
428 438
429<p>
430<c>xdm</c> can automatically start your Xfce session if you add XSESSION="Xfce4"
431to <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>.
432</p> 439<p>
433 440SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add
441<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path>:
434<p> 442</p>
435While you can choose to stick with (the rather ugly) <c>xdm</c>, why not try
436<c>gdm</c> instead? It's far more configurable, and much, much prettier. First,
437let's <c>emerge</c> it. Note that though it has a few dependencies, they're
438small, and they're not as nearly as numerous as other display managers.
439</p>
440 443
441<pre caption="Installing GDM"> 444<pre caption="Setting XSESSION">
442# <i>emerge -avt gdm</i> 445# <i>echo XSESSION=\"Xfce4\" > /etc/env.d/90xsession</i>
443</pre> 446# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
444
445<p>
446Next, change the DISPLAYMANAGER variable to use <c>gdm</c> instead of
447<c>xdm</c>:
448</p>
449
450<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
451DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
452</pre> 447</pre>
453 448
454</body> 449</body>
455</section> 450</section>
456<section> 451<section>
477to be able to access themes and icon sets. Individual users can install themes 472to be able to access themes and icon sets. Individual users can install themes
478and icon sets to <path>~/.themes/</path> and <path>~/.icons/</path>. 473and icon sets to <path>~/.themes/</path> and <path>~/.icons/</path>.
479</p> 474</p>
480 475
481<p> 476<p>
482If you installed GDM as your display manager, take a look at the many GDM themes 477If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the
483available on <uri link="http://www.gnome-look.org">Gnome-Look</uri>. To install 478<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM
484them, you can either unpack and move them to 479<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more
485<path>/usr/share/gdm/themes/</path> on the command line, or you can run 480themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri
486<c>gdmsetup</c> as <b>root</b> and drag'n'drop the archive into the GDM window. 481link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. Gentoo also
487There are some <uri 482ships a <c>slim-themes</c> package that you can <c>emerge</c>.
488link="http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php?content=45575">very nice</uri>
489Gentoo <uri
490link="http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php?content=20071">themes</uri>
491available.
492</p> 483</p>
493 484
494<p> 485<p>
495Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency. 486Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency.
496This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best 487This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best
513<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation 504<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation
514Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering 505Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering
515for your graphics card. 506for your graphics card.
516</p> 507</p>
517 508
518</body>
519</section>
520</chapter>
521
522<chapter id="upgrade">
523<title>Upgrading</title>
524<section>
525<title>Upgrading from 4.2 to 4.4</title>
526<body>
527
528<p>
529Upgrading from Xfce 4.2 to 4.4 isn't hard, but neither is it as simple as most
530upgrades. With the release of 4.4, many older packages are either deprecated, or
531their functionality has been included into the desktop in some other manner.
532</p> 509<p>
533 510Once you've finished setting up a beautiful Xfce desktop, the next thing to do
534<p> 511is take a picture of it to share with other folks! Just install
535First, update your Portage tree (<c>emerge --sync</c>), then see what Xfce 512<c>xfce4-screenshooter</c> and post your pictures somewhere for all to admire.
536updates are available (<c>emerge -pvtuD world</c>).
537</p>
538
539<p>
540You'll notice that there will be a list of packages that block upgrading, as
541most 4.2 packages cannot coexist with 4.4 packages. Here, the solution is pretty
542straightforward: just unmerge the blocking packages, as described in the <uri
543link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">Portage
544Handbook</uri> and <c>man emerge</c>, then continue with the update.
545</p>
546
547<p>
548Next, you may need to rebuild certain packages, such as applications linked
549against <c>dbus</c>. You'll need to first install <c>gentoolkit</c> for this.
550Then, once <c>gentoolkit</c> is installed, run:
551</p>
552
553<pre caption="Rebuilding packages">
554# <i>revdep-rebuild -p</i>
555<comment>(If you see any output about broken packages, run this next command)</comment>
556# <i>revdep-rebuild</i>
557</pre>
558
559<note>
560For more information, please read <c>man revdep-rebuild</c> and our <uri
561link="/doc/en/gentoolkit.xml">Gentoolkit Guide</uri>.
562</note>
563
564<p>
565Once the rebuild has finished, run <c>revdep-rebuild -p</c> again, just to make
566sure you have a clean and consistent world. If anything still shows up, keep
567repeating <c>revdep-rebuild -p</c> and <c>revdep-rebuild</c> until there's no
568more output about broken packages. Most Xfce update problems stem from
569<c>dbus</c> issues, as Xfce uses <c>dbus</c> quite extensively.
570</p>
571
572<p>
573Next, restart <c>dbus</c> and/or <c>hal</c>.
574</p>
575
576<pre caption="Restarting dbus and hal">
577# <i>/etc/init.d/dbus restart</i>
578# <i>/etc/init.d/hald restart</i>
579</pre>
580
581<p>
582Finally, give yourself a fresh environment.
583</p>
584
585<pre caption="Updating the environment variables">
586# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
587</pre>
588
589</body>
590</section>
591<section>
592<title>Settings</title>
593<body>
594
595<p>
596Make sure you familiarize yourself with all the new options available in the new
597Settings Manager. Of interest are the options in the Desktop screen; Xfce can
598now manage your desktop and place icons on it.
599</p>
600
601<p>
602There's also a Window Manager Tweaks screen, in which you can adjust the
603behavior of windows, workspaces, and transparency (if enabled). Xfce 4.4 has
604slightly changed the default behavior of workspaces and active window focus. If
605you find that clicking a hyperlink in one workspace switches your browser to
606that workspace from another one (or similar annoying window focus behavior), try
607Settings --> Window Manager Tweaks --> Focus --> Activate Focus Stealing
608Prevention.
609</p>
610
611<p>
612Be sure to read the <uri link="http://www.xfce.org/documentation/">Xfce
613Documentation</uri> and take the <uri link="http://www.xfce.org/about/tour">Xfce
614Tour</uri> to learn more about 4.4 and how to configure it.
615</p> 513</p>
616 514
617</body> 515</body>
618</section> 516</section>
619</chapter> 517</chapter>

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