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27     <div class="document">
28     <table class="rfc2822 field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
29     <col class="field-name" />
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31     <tbody valign="top">
32     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">GLEP:</th><td class="field-body">26</td>
33     </tr>
34     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Title:</th><td class="field-body">Handling kernels with portage</td>
35     </tr>
36     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Version:</th><td class="field-body">1.1</td>
37     </tr>
38     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Last-Modified:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/xml/htdocs/proj/en/glep/glep-0026.txt?cvsroot=gentoo">2004/05/03 01:48:45</a></td>
39     </tr>
40     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Author:</th><td class="field-body">Nathaniel McCallum &lt;npmccallum&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;, Joshua Campbell &lt;warpzero&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;</td>
41     </tr>
42     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Status:</th><td class="field-body">Draft</td>
43     </tr>
44     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Type:</th><td class="field-body">Standards Track</td>
45     </tr>
46     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Content-Type:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="glep-0002.html">text/x-rst</a></td>
47     </tr>
48     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Created:</th><td class="field-body">2-May-2004</td>
49     </tr>
50     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Post-History:</th><td class="field-body">2-May-2004</td>
51     </tr>
52     </tbody>
53     </table>
54     <hr />
55     <div class="contents topic" id="contents">
56     <p class="topic-title"><a name="contents">Contents</a></p>
57     <ul class="simple">
58     <li><a class="reference" href="#abstract" id="id2" name="id2">Abstract</a></li>
59     <li><a class="reference" href="#motivation" id="id3" name="id3">Motivation</a></li>
60     <li><a class="reference" href="#specification" id="id4" name="id4">Specification</a></li>
61     <li><a class="reference" href="#rationale" id="id5" name="id5">Rationale</a></li>
62     <li><a class="reference" href="#backwards-compatibility" id="id6" name="id6">Backwards Compatibility</a></li>
63     <li><a class="reference" href="#reference-implementation" id="id7" name="id7">Reference Implementation</a></li>
64     <li><a class="reference" href="#copyright" id="id8" name="id8">Copyright</a></li>
65     </ul>
66     </div>
67     <div class="section" id="abstract">
68     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id2" name="abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
69     <p>This GLEP proposes to create a more consistent handling of kernels and kernel building.
70     Currently &quot;emerge kernel-name&quot; only installs the sources and does not build anything.
71     &quot;emerge kernel-name&quot; should install only sources OR only a binary kernel, its modules,
72     and a tarballed package of kernel-headers, depending on USE flag.</p>
73     </div>
74     <div class="section" id="motivation">
75     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id3" name="motivation">Motivation</a></h1>
76     <p>Currently, the only automated kernel build proceedure that we have is genkernel. While
77     genkernel is a great tool, its main weakness is that it does not port well to other
78     arches because of the initrd and the lack of good &quot;generic&quot; settings for other arches.
79     This GLEP hopes to overcome this by abstracting the various layers of genkernel and
80     implementing the most common aspect (the build proceedure) into a portage eclass.</p>
81     </div>
82     <div class="section" id="specification">
83     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id4" name="specification">Specification</a></h1>
84     <p>There would be 3 layers to kernel building: (place of implementation)</p>
85     <blockquote>
86     <ul class="simple">
87     <li>Stage 1 - Configuring the kernel (optional) -- external utility</li>
88     <li>Stage 2 - Building the kernel -- in an eclass</li>
89     <li>Stage 3 - Building the initrd (optional) -- in an ebuild</li>
90     </ul>
91     </blockquote>
92     <p>Stages 1 and 3 are optional on most arches.</p>
93     <p>Stage 1 would be achieved through a seperate utility (perhaps like the current
94     genkernel). This utility would help the user configure the kernel and any kernel/build
95     related settings. This stage is optional and would only be used if a person wanted a
96     customized kernel settings. One optional thought is to have this utility a part of the
97     base Gentoo system. That way there are less steps to make a custom kernel.</p>
98     <p>Stage 2 would be implimented through an eclass. This stage is not optional. One would
99     perform this step by typing &quot;emerge kernel-name&quot;, where &quot;kernel-name&quot; is the name of
100     the kernel package you want to use (ie. &quot;gentoo-dev&quot;). This package would have a
101     &quot;buildkernel&quot; USE flag. If the flag was not set, it would simply download and install
102     sources like we do currently. However, if the &quot;buildkernel&quot; flag is set, portage will
103     perform the following steps:</p>
104     <blockquote>
105     <ol class="arabic simple">
106     <li>(as a dependency) download and install a tarball of &quot;generic&quot; kernel config files.</li>
107     <li>Check to see if customized kernel config/settings have been set via Stage 1.</li>
108     <li>Portage will use a custom config, if available. Otherwise, a &quot;generic&quot; config.</li>
109     <li>If neither a custom config or a &quot;generic&quot; config is available, die (with message).
110     This is needed as some arches don't/can't have &quot;generic&quot; configs, so they will
111     simply be presented a message telling them to run the utility from Stage 1 (which
112     they obviously skipped).</li>
113     <li>Build the kernel and modules and install them</li>
114     <li>Remove unnecessary files from the sources and tarball it as &quot;kernel-headers&quot;.
115     This tarball provides the appropriate files to build external modules against, like
116     nvidia-kernel, etc... The external modules (when built) will determine the running
117     kernel and unpack the appropriate tarball, to build against, then remove the files.</li>
118     </ol>
119     </blockquote>
120     <p>Stage 3 would merely be an ebuild that constructs an initrd image for either the running
121     kernel or, lacking a running kernel, the newest kernel installed (by version/date installed?).
122     Initrd's can't be used on all arches, so this ebuild can be keyword masked as appropriate.
123     The initrd package would also have a &quot;bootsplash&quot; USE flag (on x86, maybe others) that
124     would build in bootsplash support. Any non-default actions desired by the user can be
125     handled with the utility from Stage 1.</p>
126     <p>This would lead us to several case scenarios (assuming kernel-config is part of the base
127     system):</p>
128     <blockquote>
129     <ol class="arabic">
130     <li><p class="first">default kernel, no initrd: &quot;emerge gentoo-kernel&quot;</p>
131     </li>
132     <li><p class="first">default kernel, initrd: &quot;emerge aa-kernel initrd&quot;</p>
133     </li>
134     <li><p class="first">default kernel, bootsplash initrd: &quot;USE=bootsplash emerge mm-kernel initrd&quot;</p>
135     </li>
136     <li><dl class="first">
137     <dt>non-default kernel, no initrd: &quot;kernel-config gentoo-dev-kernel&quot;</dt>
138     <dd><p class="first last">&quot;emerge gentoo-dev-kernel&quot;</p>
139     </dd>
140     </dl>
141     </li>
142     <li><dl class="first">
143     <dt>non-default kernel, initrd: &quot;kernel-config alpha-kernel&quot;</dt>
144     <dd><p class="first last">&quot;emerge alpha-kernel initrd&quot;</p>
145     </dd>
146     </dl>
147     </li>
148     <li><p class="first">JUST sources, no binary &quot;USE=-buildkernel emerge grsec-kernel&quot;</p>
149     </li>
150     </ol>
151     </blockquote>
152     </div>
153     <div class="section" id="rationale">
154     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id5" name="rationale">Rationale</a></h1>
155     <p>There are many advantages gained by this method:</p>
156     <blockquote>
157     <ol class="arabic simple">
158     <li>Full arch support (GentooInstaller really could use this)</li>
159     <li>More consistent with the rest of portage (installs binaries by building from source)</li>
160     <li>Better user experience</li>
161     <li>More flexability (genkernel forces building of initrd on x86)</li>
162     <li>Don't have to store full kernel sources (each source tree is ~200MB unpacked)</li>
163     <li>Creates the ability to make binary kernel packages for fast installs (think GRP kernel)</li>
164     <li>A seperate package for &quot;generic&quot; kernel config files gives us better version tracking</li>
165     </ol>
166     </blockquote>
167     <p>The major problem is, however, that we currently have two different build systems,
168     portage and genkernel. Having competing build systems is not a GoodThing TM. Therefore,
169     we can either make portage build kernels or we can make genkernel build everything else.</p>
170     </div>
171     <div class="section" id="backwards-compatibility">
172     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id6" name="backwards-compatibility">Backwards Compatibility</a></h1>
173     <p>If you want to emerge kernel sources the old way, just do: USE=&quot;-buildkernel&quot; emerge kernel-name</p>
174     <p>Perhaps we could also name the new kernel-config program (from Stage 1) &quot;genkernel&quot; so that users
175     can have a seemless transition.</p>
176     </div>
177     <div class="section" id="reference-implementation">
178     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id7" name="reference-implementation">Reference Implementation</a></h1>
179     <p>not yet ..</p>
180     </div>
181     <div class="section" id="copyright">
182     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id8" name="copyright">Copyright</a></h1>
183     <p>This document has been placed in the public domain.</p>
184     </div>
185     </div>
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