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Diffstat (limited to 'hw/loader.c')
-rw-r--r--hw/loader.c546
1 files changed, 546 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/hw/loader.c b/hw/loader.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..5d83a6604
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/loader.c
@@ -0,0 +1,546 @@
+/*
+ * QEMU Executable loader
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2006 Fabrice Bellard
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+ * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+ * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
+ * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+ * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
+ * THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
+ * Gunzip functionality in this file is derived from u-boot:
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright 2008 Semihalf
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright 2000-2005
+ * Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software Engineering, wd@denx.de.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include "hw.h"
+#include "disas.h"
+#include "sysemu.h"
+#include "uboot_image.h"
+#include "loader.h"
+
+#include <zlib.h>
+
+/* return the size or -1 if error */
+int get_image_size(const char *filename)
+{
+ int fd, size;
+ fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1;
+ size = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);
+ close(fd);
+ return size;
+}
+
+/* return the size or -1 if error */
+/* deprecated, because caller does not specify buffer size! */
+int load_image(const char *filename, uint8_t *addr)
+{
+ int fd, size;
+ fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1;
+ size = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);
+ lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
+ if (read(fd, addr, size) != size) {
+ close(fd);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ close(fd);
+ return size;
+}
+
+/* return the amount read, just like fread. 0 may mean error or eof */
+int fread_targphys(target_phys_addr_t dst_addr, size_t nbytes, FILE *f)
+{
+ uint8_t buf[4096];
+ target_phys_addr_t dst_begin = dst_addr;
+ size_t want, did;
+
+ while (nbytes) {
+ want = nbytes > sizeof(buf) ? sizeof(buf) : nbytes;
+ did = fread(buf, 1, want, f);
+
+ cpu_physical_memory_write_rom(dst_addr, buf, did);
+ dst_addr += did;
+ nbytes -= did;
+ if (did != want)
+ break;
+ }
+ return dst_addr - dst_begin;
+}
+
+/* returns 0 on error, 1 if ok */
+int fread_targphys_ok(target_phys_addr_t dst_addr, size_t nbytes, FILE *f)
+{
+ return fread_targphys(dst_addr, nbytes, f) == nbytes;
+}
+
+/* read()-like version */
+int read_targphys(int fd, target_phys_addr_t dst_addr, size_t nbytes)
+{
+ uint8_t buf[4096];
+ target_phys_addr_t dst_begin = dst_addr;
+ size_t want, did;
+
+ while (nbytes) {
+ want = nbytes > sizeof(buf) ? sizeof(buf) : nbytes;
+ did = read(fd, buf, want);
+ if (did != want) break;
+
+ cpu_physical_memory_write_rom(dst_addr, buf, did);
+ dst_addr += did;
+ nbytes -= did;
+ }
+ return dst_addr - dst_begin;
+}
+
+/* return the size or -1 if error */
+int load_image_targphys(const char *filename,
+ target_phys_addr_t addr, int max_sz)
+{
+ FILE *f;
+ size_t got;
+
+ f = fopen(filename, "rb");
+ if (!f) return -1;
+
+ got = fread_targphys(addr, max_sz, f);
+ if (ferror(f)) { fclose(f); return -1; }
+ fclose(f);
+
+ return got;
+}
+
+void pstrcpy_targphys(target_phys_addr_t dest, int buf_size,
+ const char *source)
+{
+ static const uint8_t nul_byte = 0;
+ const char *nulp;
+
+ if (buf_size <= 0) return;
+ nulp = memchr(source, 0, buf_size);
+ if (nulp) {
+ cpu_physical_memory_write_rom(dest, (uint8_t *)source,
+ (nulp - source) + 1);
+ } else {
+ cpu_physical_memory_write_rom(dest, (uint8_t *)source, buf_size - 1);
+ cpu_physical_memory_write_rom(dest, &nul_byte, 1);
+ }
+}
+
+/* A.OUT loader */
+
+struct exec
+{
+ uint32_t a_info; /* Use macros N_MAGIC, etc for access */
+ uint32_t a_text; /* length of text, in bytes */
+ uint32_t a_data; /* length of data, in bytes */
+ uint32_t a_bss; /* length of uninitialized data area, in bytes */
+ uint32_t a_syms; /* length of symbol table data in file, in bytes */
+ uint32_t a_entry; /* start address */
+ uint32_t a_trsize; /* length of relocation info for text, in bytes */
+ uint32_t a_drsize; /* length of relocation info for data, in bytes */
+};
+
+static void bswap_ahdr(struct exec *e)
+{
+ bswap32s(&e->a_info);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_text);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_data);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_bss);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_syms);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_entry);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_trsize);
+ bswap32s(&e->a_drsize);
+}
+
+#define N_MAGIC(exec) ((exec).a_info & 0xffff)
+#define OMAGIC 0407
+#define NMAGIC 0410
+#define ZMAGIC 0413
+#define QMAGIC 0314
+#define _N_HDROFF(x) (1024 - sizeof (struct exec))
+#define N_TXTOFF(x) \
+ (N_MAGIC(x) == ZMAGIC ? _N_HDROFF((x)) + sizeof (struct exec) : \
+ (N_MAGIC(x) == QMAGIC ? 0 : sizeof (struct exec)))
+#define N_TXTADDR(x, target_page_size) (N_MAGIC(x) == QMAGIC ? target_page_size : 0)
+#define _N_SEGMENT_ROUND(x, target_page_size) (((x) + target_page_size - 1) & ~(target_page_size - 1))
+
+#define _N_TXTENDADDR(x, target_page_size) (N_TXTADDR(x, target_page_size)+(x).a_text)
+
+#define N_DATADDR(x, target_page_size) \
+ (N_MAGIC(x)==OMAGIC? (_N_TXTENDADDR(x, target_page_size)) \
+ : (_N_SEGMENT_ROUND (_N_TXTENDADDR(x, target_page_size), target_page_size)))
+
+
+int load_aout(const char *filename, target_phys_addr_t addr, int max_sz,
+ int bswap_needed, target_phys_addr_t target_page_size)
+{
+ int fd, size, ret;
+ struct exec e;
+ uint32_t magic;
+
+ fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ size = read(fd, &e, sizeof(e));
+ if (size < 0)
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (bswap_needed) {
+ bswap_ahdr(&e);
+ }
+
+ magic = N_MAGIC(e);
+ switch (magic) {
+ case ZMAGIC:
+ case QMAGIC:
+ case OMAGIC:
+ if (e.a_text + e.a_data > max_sz)
+ goto fail;
+ lseek(fd, N_TXTOFF(e), SEEK_SET);
+ size = read_targphys(fd, addr, e.a_text + e.a_data);
+ if (size < 0)
+ goto fail;
+ break;
+ case NMAGIC:
+ if (N_DATADDR(e, target_page_size) + e.a_data > max_sz)
+ goto fail;
+ lseek(fd, N_TXTOFF(e), SEEK_SET);
+ size = read_targphys(fd, addr, e.a_text);
+ if (size < 0)
+ goto fail;
+ ret = read_targphys(fd, addr + N_DATADDR(e, target_page_size),
+ e.a_data);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto fail;
+ size += ret;
+ break;
+ default:
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ close(fd);
+ return size;
+ fail:
+ close(fd);
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/* ELF loader */
+
+static void *load_at(int fd, int offset, int size)
+{
+ void *ptr;
+ if (lseek(fd, offset, SEEK_SET) < 0)
+ return NULL;
+ ptr = qemu_malloc(size);
+ if (read(fd, ptr, size) != size) {
+ qemu_free(ptr);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return ptr;
+}
+
+#ifdef ELF_CLASS
+#undef ELF_CLASS
+#endif
+
+#define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
+#include "elf.h"
+
+#define SZ 32
+#define elf_word uint32_t
+#define elf_sword int32_t
+#define bswapSZs bswap32s
+#include "elf_ops.h"
+
+#undef elfhdr
+#undef elf_phdr
+#undef elf_shdr
+#undef elf_sym
+#undef elf_note
+#undef elf_word
+#undef elf_sword
+#undef bswapSZs
+#undef SZ
+#define elfhdr elf64_hdr
+#define elf_phdr elf64_phdr
+#define elf_note elf64_note
+#define elf_shdr elf64_shdr
+#define elf_sym elf64_sym
+#define elf_word uint64_t
+#define elf_sword int64_t
+#define bswapSZs bswap64s
+#define SZ 64
+#include "elf_ops.h"
+
+/* return < 0 if error, otherwise the number of bytes loaded in memory */
+int load_elf(const char *filename, int64_t address_offset,
+ uint64_t *pentry, uint64_t *lowaddr, uint64_t *highaddr,
+ int big_endian, int elf_machine, int clear_lsb)
+{
+ int fd, data_order, target_data_order, must_swab, ret;
+ uint8_t e_ident[EI_NIDENT];
+
+ fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ perror(filename);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (read(fd, e_ident, sizeof(e_ident)) != sizeof(e_ident))
+ goto fail;
+ if (e_ident[0] != ELFMAG0 ||
+ e_ident[1] != ELFMAG1 ||
+ e_ident[2] != ELFMAG2 ||
+ e_ident[3] != ELFMAG3)
+ goto fail;
+#ifdef HOST_WORDS_BIGENDIAN
+ data_order = ELFDATA2MSB;
+#else
+ data_order = ELFDATA2LSB;
+#endif
+ must_swab = data_order != e_ident[EI_DATA];
+ if (big_endian) {
+ target_data_order = ELFDATA2MSB;
+ } else {
+ target_data_order = ELFDATA2LSB;
+ }
+
+ if (target_data_order != e_ident[EI_DATA])
+ return -1;
+
+ lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
+ if (e_ident[EI_CLASS] == ELFCLASS64) {
+ ret = load_elf64(fd, address_offset, must_swab, pentry,
+ lowaddr, highaddr, elf_machine, clear_lsb);
+ } else {
+ ret = load_elf32(fd, address_offset, must_swab, pentry,
+ lowaddr, highaddr, elf_machine, clear_lsb);
+ }
+
+ close(fd);
+ return ret;
+
+ fail:
+ close(fd);
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static void bswap_uboot_header(uboot_image_header_t *hdr)
+{
+#ifndef HOST_WORDS_BIGENDIAN
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_magic);
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_hcrc);
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_time);
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_size);
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_load);
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_ep);
+ bswap32s(&hdr->ih_dcrc);
+#endif
+}
+
+
+#define ZALLOC_ALIGNMENT 16
+
+static void *zalloc(void *x, unsigned items, unsigned size)
+{
+ void *p;
+
+ size *= items;
+ size = (size + ZALLOC_ALIGNMENT - 1) & ~(ZALLOC_ALIGNMENT - 1);
+
+ p = qemu_malloc(size);
+
+ return (p);
+}
+
+static void zfree(void *x, void *addr)
+{
+ qemu_free(addr);
+}
+
+
+#define HEAD_CRC 2
+#define EXTRA_FIELD 4
+#define ORIG_NAME 8
+#define COMMENT 0x10
+#define RESERVED 0xe0
+
+#define DEFLATED 8
+
+/* This is the maximum in uboot, so if a uImage overflows this, it would
+ * overflow on real hardware too. */
+#define UBOOT_MAX_GUNZIP_BYTES 0x800000
+
+static ssize_t gunzip(void *dst, size_t dstlen, uint8_t *src,
+ size_t srclen)
+{
+ z_stream s;
+ ssize_t dstbytes;
+ int r, i, flags;
+
+ /* skip header */
+ i = 10;
+ flags = src[3];
+ if (src[2] != DEFLATED || (flags & RESERVED) != 0) {
+ puts ("Error: Bad gzipped data\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if ((flags & EXTRA_FIELD) != 0)
+ i = 12 + src[10] + (src[11] << 8);
+ if ((flags & ORIG_NAME) != 0)
+ while (src[i++] != 0)
+ ;
+ if ((flags & COMMENT) != 0)
+ while (src[i++] != 0)
+ ;
+ if ((flags & HEAD_CRC) != 0)
+ i += 2;
+ if (i >= srclen) {
+ puts ("Error: gunzip out of data in header\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ s.zalloc = zalloc;
+ s.zfree = zfree;
+
+ r = inflateInit2(&s, -MAX_WBITS);
+ if (r != Z_OK) {
+ printf ("Error: inflateInit2() returned %d\n", r);
+ return (-1);
+ }
+ s.next_in = src + i;
+ s.avail_in = srclen - i;
+ s.next_out = dst;
+ s.avail_out = dstlen;
+ r = inflate(&s, Z_FINISH);
+ if (r != Z_OK && r != Z_STREAM_END) {
+ printf ("Error: inflate() returned %d\n", r);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ dstbytes = s.next_out - (unsigned char *) dst;
+ inflateEnd(&s);
+
+ return dstbytes;
+}
+
+/* Load a U-Boot image. */
+int load_uimage(const char *filename, target_phys_addr_t *ep,
+ target_phys_addr_t *loadaddr, int *is_linux)
+{
+ int fd;
+ int size;
+ uboot_image_header_t h;
+ uboot_image_header_t *hdr = &h;
+ uint8_t *data = NULL;
+ int ret = -1;
+
+ fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ size = read(fd, hdr, sizeof(uboot_image_header_t));
+ if (size < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ bswap_uboot_header(hdr);
+
+ if (hdr->ih_magic != IH_MAGIC)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* TODO: Implement other image types. */
+ if (hdr->ih_type != IH_TYPE_KERNEL) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Can only load u-boot image type \"kernel\"\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ switch (hdr->ih_comp) {
+ case IH_COMP_NONE:
+ case IH_COMP_GZIP:
+ break;
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "Unable to load u-boot images with compression type %d\n",
+ hdr->ih_comp);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* TODO: Check CPU type. */
+ if (is_linux) {
+ if (hdr->ih_os == IH_OS_LINUX)
+ *is_linux = 1;
+ else
+ *is_linux = 0;
+ }
+
+ *ep = hdr->ih_ep;
+ data = qemu_malloc(hdr->ih_size);
+
+ if (read(fd, data, hdr->ih_size) != hdr->ih_size) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error reading file\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (hdr->ih_comp == IH_COMP_GZIP) {
+ uint8_t *compressed_data;
+ size_t max_bytes;
+ ssize_t bytes;
+
+ compressed_data = data;
+ max_bytes = UBOOT_MAX_GUNZIP_BYTES;
+ data = qemu_malloc(max_bytes);
+
+ bytes = gunzip(data, max_bytes, compressed_data, hdr->ih_size);
+ qemu_free(compressed_data);
+ if (bytes < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unable to decompress gzipped image!\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+ hdr->ih_size = bytes;
+ }
+
+ cpu_physical_memory_write_rom(hdr->ih_load, data, hdr->ih_size);
+
+ if (loadaddr)
+ *loadaddr = hdr->ih_load;
+
+ ret = hdr->ih_size;
+
+out:
+ if (data)
+ qemu_free(data);
+ close(fd);
+ return ret;
+}